Christmas Special * Includes Ten Christmas Customs with Pagan Roots* Christmas Quotes, Humour, and Musical Winterludes

Christmas Special * Includes Ten Christmas Customs with Pagan Roots*  Christmas Quotes, Humour, and Musical Winterludes

Merry Christmas!

Before launching into more serious apects of this post, let's enjoy some holiday humour!

Christmas According to Kids - Southland Christian Church

Southland Christian Church
Published on Dec 24, 2015

What happens when you ask a bunch of kids to tell the story of Christmas? Enjoy this story of Bethle-ha-ha-ham and the magical star that appeared.

Category: People & Blogs
License: Standard YouTube License

A Kids View of the Christmas Story

Portland Christian Center
Published on Dec 16, 2009

The story of Christmas told by preschool & kindergarten students from Hilltop Preschool & Kindergarten.

Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

Blue Christmas with Porky Pig

expresscourier
Published on Dec 23, 2011

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

Thus ends safe humourous content for adults and the kids, however -

CAUTION: The adult humour section further down requires parental review and/or guidance before "children" of any age (yes, we're talking to your inner child as well) are allowed access. And for those adults who consider some elements of the humour section distasteful, can't say we didn't warn you!

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Now for some serious contemplation.

Is Christmas a Utopian celebration?

The answer may depend on your viewpoint:

Do you think of Christmas as -

• Myth based nostalgia for the past while cash registers ring and good times roll, at least for awhile?
• Ongoing genuine effort to maintain traditional spiritual values?
• A combination of both?

Not the easiest question to answer considering the ongoing state of human affairs.

And if Christmas in NOT a Utopian celebration for most of us, is there the potential for Christmas and related pagan beliefs to facilitate a Utopian future?

Discuss before and/or after reading/viewing the below entries.

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First, some interesting details on ten Christmas customs.

Ten Christmas Customs with Pagan Roots

Courtesy of and thanks to: https://www.thoughtco.com/christmas-customs-with-pagan-roots-2563021

Content written by by Patti Wigington
Updated June 18, 2017 and other dates
See ThoughtCo. site for additional details and related pics

During the winter solstice season, we hear all kinds of cool stuff about candy canes, Santa Claus, reindeer and other traditions. But did you know that many Christmas customs can trace their roots back to Pagan origins? Here are ten little-known bits of trivia about the Yule season that you might be unaware of.

1. Christmas Caroling

The tradition of Christmas caroling actually began as the tradition of wassailing. In centuries past, wassailers went from door to door, singing and drinking to the health of their neighbors. The concept actually harkens back to pre-Christian fertility rites -- only in those ceremonies, villagers traveled through their fields and orchards in the middle of winter, singing and shouting to drive away any spirits that might inhibit the growth of future crops. Caroling wasn’t actually done in churches until St. Francis, around the 13th century, thought it might be a nice idea.

As part of this, they poured wine and cider on the ground to encourage fertility in the crops.

Eventually, this evolved into the idea of Christmas caroling, which became popular during the Victorian era, and is still seen today in many areas. If you think your family or friends might enjoy starting up a new, musical tradition, why not gather them together to go out a-wassailing for Yule? (MORE at ThoughtCo. site)

2. Kissing Under the Mistletoe

Mistletoe has been around for a long time, and has been considered a magical plant by everyone from the Druids to the Vikings. The ancient Romans honored the god Saturn, and to keep him happy, fertility rituals took place under the mistletoe. Today, we don't quite go that far under our mistletoe (at least not usually) but it could explain where the kissing tradition comes from. The Norse Eddas tell of warriors from opposing tribes meeting under mistletoe and laying down their arms, so it’s certainly considered a plant of peace and reconciliation. Also in Norse mythology, mistletoe is associated with Frigga, a goddess of love – who wouldn’t want to smooch under her watchful eye?

MISTLETOE AS MEDICINE
In 50 C.E., the Greek physician Dioscorides wrote his Materia Medica, establishing himself a place in medical history. As one of the ancient world's most knowledgeable herbalists, Dioscorides found that mistletoe helped cure his patients of external tumors. He wrote that it “has the power to disperse, soften, drawing and assisting tumors of the parotid gland and other lesions…” Some forty or so years later, Pliny the Elder wrote of the treatment of sores and epilepsy with mistletoe in his Natural History.

He also described its use in magic and ritual.

THE DRUIDS AND ABUNDANCE RITUALS
Pliny wrote that Druid elders performed rituals in which they harvested mistletoe -- a botanical parasite -- from oak trees with golden sickles. It was collected under a waxing moon phase, and then fed to animals to guarantee their fertility. As part of the rite, a pair of white bulls were sacrificed, and if prayers were answered, prosperity would be visited upon the villages.

THOSE WILD ROMANS AND SATURNALIA
No one loves a party like the ancient Romans, and their festival of Saturnalia is one of the most well-documented celebrations of the Winter Solstice. This week-long bacchanal included exchanging of gifts, lots of food and wine, dancing and music. Slaves got the week off work, courts were closed, and all kinds of debauchery took place. This festival honored Saturn, of course, and he was an agricultural god.

To keep him happy, fertility rituals took place under the mistletoe. Today, we don't quite go that far under our mistletoe (at least not usually) but it does explain where the kissing tradition comes from.

JESUS AND THE NAUGHTY MISTLETOE
As the Roman Empire crumbled and Christianity spread, a rumor began in France that the cross upon which Jesus died was made of mistletoe wood.

As punishment for its involvement in the crucifixion, the plant was forbidden to grow out of the earth, and was demoted to being a botanical parasite. It now has to have a host plant, such as the oak or the ash, apparently more well-behaved and virtuous trees.

MISTLETOE AS MEDICINE ONCE MORE
During medieval times mistletoe was again recognized for its medicinal properties, and appears in several folk remedies. To ward off demons, twigs of mistletoe could be hung in bundles over a door. In some countries, springs were placed in the stable to protect livestock safe from local witches. Mistletoe was also known to rural people as the best cure for barren women; in fact, mistletoe seems to have been a cure-all for any problems with conception, because early societies were baffled by its method of propagation. Interestingly, the Cherokee people used the North American strain of mistletoe as an abortaficient.

MISTLETOE AS A PARASITE
The plant we know today as mistletoe has no roots of its own. What it does have is tiny extensions called holdfasts, that grip onto the bark of the host plant. They also serve as a sort of umbilical cord, and suck the nutrients from the host. Because of its dependence on the host, mistletoe is only found on living trees.

Mistletoe plants can be either female or male; only the female has the beautiful but highly toxic berries. (MORE at ThoughtCo. site)

3. Gift-Delivering Mythical Beings

Sure, we’ve all heard of Santa Claus, who has his roots in the Dutch Sinterklaas mythology, with a few elements of Odin and Saint Nicholas thrown in for good measure. But how many people have heard of La Befana, the kindly Italian witch who drops off treats for well-behaved children? Or Frau Holle, who gives gifts to women at the time of the winter solstice?

Ho ho ho! Once the Yule season rolls around, you can't shake a sprig of mistletoe without seeing images of a chubby man in a red suit. Santa Claus is everywhere, and although he's traditionally associated with the Christmas holiday, his origins can be traced back to a blend of an early Christian bishop (and later saint) and a Norse diety. Let's take a look at where the jolly old guy came from.

EARLY CHRISTIAN INFLUENCE
Although Santa Claus is primarily based upon St. Nicholas, a 4th-century Christian bishop from Lycia (now in Turkey), the figure is also strongly influenced by early Norse religion.

Saint Nicholas was known for giving gifts to the poor. In one notable story, he met a pious but impoverished man who had three daughters. He presented them with dowries to save them from a life of prostitution. In most European countries, St. Nicholas is still portrayed as a bearded bishop, wearing clerical robes. He became a patron saint of many groups, particularly children, the poor, and prostitutes.

In the BBC Two feature film, "The Real Face of Santa," archaeologists used modern forensics and facial reconstruction techniques to get an idea of what St. Nicholas might have actually looked like. According to National Geographic, "The remains of the Greek bishop, who lived in the third and fourth centuries, are housed in Bari, Italy. When the crypt at the Basilica San Nicola was repaired in the 1950s, the saint's skull and bones were documented with x-ray photos and thousands of detailed measurements."

ODIN AND HIS MIGHTY HORSE
Among early Germanic tribes, one of the major deities was Odin, the ruler of Asgard. A number of similarities exist between some of Odin's escapades and those of the figure who would become Santa Claus. Odin was often depicted as leading a hunting party through the skies, during which he rode his eight-legged horse, Sleipnir.

In the 13th-century Poetic Edda, Sleipnir is described as being able to leap great distances, which some scholars have compared to the legends of Santa's reindeer. Odin was typically portrayed as an old man with a long, white beard — much like St. Nicholas himself.

TREATS FOR THE TOTS
During the winter, children placed their boots near the chimney, filling them with carrots or straw as a gift for Sleipnir. When Odin flew by, he rewarded the little ones by leaving gifts in their boots. In several Germanic countries, this practice survived despite the adoption of Christianity. As a result, the gift-giving became associated with St. Nicholas — only nowadays, we hang stockings rather than leaving boots by the chimney!

SANTA COMES TO THE NEW WORLD
When Dutch settlers arrived in New Amsterdam, they brought with them their practice of leaving shoes out for St. Nicholas to fill with gifts. They also brought the name, which later morphed into Santa Claus.

The authors of the website for the St. Nicholas Center say, "In January 1809, Washington Irving joined the society and on St. Nicholas Day that same year, he published the satirical fiction, 'Knickerbocker's History of New York,' with numerous references to a jolly St.

Nicholas character. This was not the saintly bishop, rather an elfin Dutch burgher with a clay pipe. These delightful flights of imagination are the source of the New Amsterdam St. Nicholas legends: that the first Dutch emigrant ship had a figurehead of St. Nicholas; that St. Nicholas Day was observed in the colony; that the first church was dedicated to him; and that St. Nicholas comes down chimneys to bring gifts. Irving's work was regarded as the 'first notable work of imagination in the New World.'"

It was about 15 years later that the figure of Santa as we know it today was introduced. This came in the form of a narrative poem by a man named Clement C. Moore.

THE NIGHT BEFORE CHRISTMAS
Moore's poem, originally titled "A Visit from St. Nicholas" is commonly known today as "​Twas the Night Before Christmas." Moore went as far as to elaborate on the names of Santa's reindeer, and provided a rather Americanized, secular description of the "jolly old elf."

According to History.com, "Stores began to advertise Christmas shopping in 1820, and by the 1840s, newspapers were creating separate sections for holiday advertisements, which often featured images of the newly-popular Santa Claus. In 1841, thousands of children visited a Philadelphia shop to see a life-size Santa Claus model. It was only a matter of time before stores began to attract children, and their parents, with the lure of a peek at a “live” Santa Claus."

4. Deck Your Halls with Boughs of Green Things

The Romans loved a good party, and Saturnalia was no exception. This holiday, which fell on December 17, was a time to honor the god Saturn, and so homes and hearths were decorated with boughs of greenery – vines, ivy, and the like. The ancient Egyptians didn't have evergreen trees, but they had palms -- and the palm tree was the symbol of resurrection and rebirth. They often brought the fronds into their homes during the time of the winter solstice. This has evolved into the modern tradition of the holiday tree.

5. Hanging Ornaments

Here come those Romans again! At Saturnalia, celebrants often hung metal ornaments outside on trees. Typically, the ornaments represented a god -- either Saturn, or the family's patron deity. The laurel wreath was a popular decoration as well. Early Germanic tribes decorated trees with fruit and candles in honor of Odin for the solstice. You can make your own ornaments to bring the spirit of the season into your life. (MORE at ThoughtCo. site)

6. Fruitcake

The fruitcake has become the stuff of legend, because once a fruitcake is baked, it will seemingly outlive everyone who comes near it. Stories abound of fruitcakes from winters past, magically appearing in the pantry to surprise everyone during the holiday season. What’s interesting about the fruitcake is that it actually has its origins in ancient Egypt. There’s a tale in the culinary world that the Egyptians placed cakes made of fermented fruit and honey on the tombs of their deceased loved ones – and presumably these cakes would last as long as the pyramids themselves. In later centuries, Roman soldiers carried these cakes into battle, made with mashed pomegranates and barley. There are even records of soldiers on Crusades carrying honey-laden fruitcakes into the Holy Land with them.

7. Presents for Everyone!

Today, Christmas is a huge gift-giving bonanza for retailers far and wide. However, that’s a fairly new practice, developed within the last two to three hundred years. Most people who celebrate Christmas associate the practice of gift giving with the Biblical tale of the three wise men who gave gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh to the newborn baby Jesus. However, the tradition can also be traced back to other cultures – the Romans gave gifts between Saturnalia and the Kalends, and during the Middle Ages, French nuns gave gifts of food and clothing to the poor on St. Nicholas’ Eve. Interestingly, up until around the early 1800s, most people exchanged gifts on New Years’ Day – and it was typically just one present, rather than the massive collection of gifts that we’re inundated with each year in today’s society. (MORE at ThoughtCo. site)

8. The Resurrection Theme

Christianity hardly has a monopoly on the theme of resurrection, particularly around the winter holidays. Mithras was an early Roman god of the sun, who was born around the time of the winter solstice and then experienced a resurrection around the spring equinox. The Egyptians honored Horus, who has a similar story. While this doesn’t mean that the tale of Jesus and his rebirth was stolen from the cult of Mithras or Horus – and in fact, it’s definitely not, if you ask scholars - there are certainly some similarities in the stories, and perhaps some carryover from the earlier Pagan traditions.

Sound familiar?

The cult of Mithras was a mystery religion, like that of Cybele and many other Roman Pagan beliefs. Author Ceisiwr Serith describes the cult's temples, or Mithraea, as being relatively small, and typically hidden underground. He also points out that it was only open to men, and very secretive, so it's unlikely that it was truly a big rival to the incoming Christian belief system.

In one legend, Mithras, who was popular amongst members of the Roman military, was ordered by the Sun to sacrifice a white bull. He reluctantly obeyed, but at the moment when his knife entered the creature's body, a miracle took place. The bull turned into the moon, and Mithras' cloak became the night sky. Where the bull's blood fell flowers grew, and stalks of grain sprouted from its tail. Mithras himself ascended to the light, and spent the rest of eternity hanging out with the Sun.

British author and poet Rudyard Kipling, who was fascinated by Mithraism, wrote Song to Mithras, which concludes as follows:

Mithras, God of the Midnight, here where the great bull dies,
Look on thy children in darkness. Oh take our sacrifice!
Many roads thou hast fashioned--all of them lead to the Light:
Mithras, also a soldier, teach us to die aright!

Ceisiwr Serith has a great essay on his website about why Christianity isn't stolen from the cult of Mithras, and it's one well worth reading.

If you're interested in more about Mithras, check out his Mithraism Index.

9. Christmas Holly

For those who celebrate the spiritual aspects of Christmas, there is significant symbolism in the holly bush. For Christians, the red berries represent the blood of Jesus Christ as he died upon the cross, and the sharp-edged green leaves are associated with his crown of thorns. However, in pre-Christian Pagan cultures, the holly was associated with the god of winter – the Holly King, doing his annual battle with the Oak King. Holly was known as a wood that could drive off evil spirits as well, so it came in very handy during the darker half of the year, when most of the other trees were bare.

In many Celtic-based traditions of neopaganism, there is the enduring legend of the battle between the Oak King and the Holly King. These two mighty rulers fight for supremacy as the Wheel of the Year turns each season. At the Winter Solstice, or Yule, the Oak King conquers the Holly King, and then reigns until Midsummer, or Litha. Once the Summer Solstice arrives, the Holly King returns to do battle with the old king, and defeats him.

In the legends of some belief systems, the dates of these events are shifted; the battle takes place at the Equinoxes, so that the Oak King is at his strongest during Midsummer, or Litha, and the Holly King is dominant during Yule. From a folkloric and agricultural standpoint, this interpretation seems to make more sense.

In some Wiccan traditions, the Oak King and the Holly King are seen as dual aspects of the Horned God. Each of these twin aspects rules for half the year, battles for the favor of the Goddess, and then retires to nurse his wounds for the next six months, until it is time for him to reign once more.

Franco over at WitchVox says that the Oak and Holly Kings represent the light and the darkness throughout the year. At the winter solstice we mark "the rebirth of the Sun or the Oak King. On this day the light is reborn and we celebrate the renewal of the light of the year. Oops!

Are we not forgetting someone? Why do we deck the halls with boughs of Holly? This day is the Holly King’s day - the Dark Lord reigns. He is the god of transformation and one who brings us to birth new ways. Why do you think we make “New Year’s Resolutions”? We want to shed our old ways and give way to the new!"

Often, these two entities are portrayed in familiar ways - the Holly King frequently appears as a woodsy version of Santa Claus. He dresses in red, wears a sprig of holly in his tangled hair, and is sometimes depicted driving a team of eight stags. The Oak King is portrayed as a fertility god, and occasionally appears as the Green Man or other lord of the forest.

HOLLY VS. IVY
The symbolism of the holly and the ivy is something that has appeared for centuries; in particular, their roles as representations of opposite seasons has been recognized for a long time. In Green Groweth the Holly, King Henry VIII of England wrote:

Green groweth the holly, so doth the ivy.
Though winter blasts blow never so high, green groweth the holly.
As the holly groweth green and never changeth hue,
So I am, ever hath been, unto my lady true.
As the holly groweth green with ivy all alone
When flowers cannot be seen and greenwood leaves be gone

Of course, The Holly and the Ivy is one of the best known Christmas carols, which states, "The holly and the ivy, when they are both full grown, of all the trees that are in the wood, the holly bears the crown."

THE BATTLE OF TWO KINGS IN MYTH AND FOLKLORE
Both Robert Graves and Sir James George Frazer wrote about this battle.

Graves said in his work The White Goddess that the conflict between the Oak and Holly Kings echoes that of a number of other archetypical pairings. For instance, the fights between Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, and between Lugh and Balor in Celtic legend, are similar in type, in which one figure must die for the other to triumph.

Frazer wrote, in The Golden Bough, of the killing of the King of the Wood, or the tree spirit. He says, "His life must therefore have been held very precious by his worshippers, and was probably hedged in by a system of elaborate precautions or taboos like those by which, in so many places, the life of the man-god has been guarded against the malignant influence of demons and sorcerers. But we have seen that the very value attached to the life of the man-god necessitates his violent death as the only means of preserving it from the inevitable decay of age.

The same reasoning would apply to the King of the Wood; he, too, had to be killed in order that the divine spirit, incarnate in him, might be transferred in its integrity to his successor. The rule that he held office till a stronger should slay him might be supposed to secure both the preservation of his divine life in full vigour and its transference to a suitable successor as soon as that vigour began to be impaired. For so long as he could maintain his position by the strong hand, it might be inferred that his natural force was not abated; whereas his defeat and death at the hands of another proved that his strength was beginning to fail and that it was time his divine life should be lodged in a less dilapidated tabernacle."

Ultimately, while these two beings do battle all year long, they are two essential parts of a whole. Despite being enemies, without one, the other would no longer exist.

10. The Yule Log

Nowadays, when we hear about the Yule log, most people think of a deliciously rich chocolate dessert. But the Yule log has its origins in the cold winters of Norway, on the night of the winter solstice, where it was common to hoist a giant log onto the hearth to celebrate the return of the sun each year. The Norsemen believed that the sun was a giant wheel of fire which rolled away from the earth, and then began rolling back again on the winter solstice.

As the Wheel of the Year turns once more, the days get shorter, the skies become gray, and it seems as though the sun is dying. In this time of darkness, we pause on the Solstice (usually around December 21st, although not always on the same date) and realize that something wonderful is happening.

On Yule, the sun stops its decline into the south. For a few days, it seems as though it’s rising in exactly the same place… and then something amazing and miraculous takes place. The light begins to return.

The sun begins its journey back to the north, and once again we are reminded that we have something worth celebrating. In families of all different spiritual paths, the return of the light is celebrated, with Menorahs, Kwanzaa candles, bonfires, and brightly lit Christmas trees. On Yule, many Pagan and Wiccan families celebrate the return of the sun by adding light into their homes. One very popular tradition – and one that children can do easily – is to make a Yule log for a family-sized celebration.

History and Symbolism

A holiday celebration that began in Norway, on the night of the winter solstice it was common to hoist a giant log onto the hearth to celebrate the return of the sun each year. The Norsemen believed that the sun was a giant wheel of fire which rolled away from the earth, and then began rolling back again on the winter solstice.

As Christianity spread through Europe, the tradition became part of Christmas Eve festivities. The father or master of the house would sprinkle the log with libations of mead, oil, or salt. Once the log was burned in the hearth, the ashes were scattered about the house to protect the family within from hostile spirits. (MORE at ThoughtCo. site)

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Christmas Quotes:
Courtesy of: https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/christmas

Let's be naughty and save Santa the trip.
Gary Allan

Santa Claus has the right idea - visit people only once a year.
Victor Borge

Christmas is a tonic for our souls. It moves us to think of others rather than of ourselves. It directs our thoughts to giving.
B. C. Forbes

Christmas is doing a little something extra for someone.
Charles M. Schulz

Maybe Christmas, the Grinch thought, doesn't come from a store.
Dr. Seuss

Every gift which is given, even though it be small, is in reality great, if it is given with affection.
Pindar

Expectancy is the atmosphere for miracles.
Edwin Louis Cole

What I don't like about office Christmas parties is looking for a job the next day.
Phyllis Diller

I stone got crazy when I saw somebody run down them strings with a bottleneck. My eyes lit up like a Christmas tree and I said that I had to learn.
Muddy Waters

Now, the essence, the very spirit of Christmas is that we first make believe a thing is so, and lo, it presently turns out to be so.
Stephen Leacock

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Pagan and X Rated Christmas Humour (NOT For Kids):

And if you don't appreciate any of this humour then you probably wouldn't enjoy our version of Utopia, where the absolute truth, like it not not, prevails!

Adam Ruins Everything - The Drunken, Pagan History of Christmas

truTV
Published on Dec 23, 2016

OF COURSE the Puritans banned Christmas.

Adam Ruins Everything - The Drunken, Pagan History of Christmas

Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

Driving With Liza Holiday Edition Plus Jingle Ballin' Preview!

Published on Dec 9, 2016

Thank you, lil ho ho hos!

Love,
Liza

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

CAUTION: This SCTV entry is X rated so NOT for kids! Sexy Adults however, will enjoy, especially Dusty's version of "Twas The Night Before Christmas" at the end of her performance!

The Dusty Towne Sexy Holiday Special

SCTV
Published on Jul 22, 2010

Dusty's first special, and first TV show. She gets things rolling with a song and a story. Marcie performs a suggestive dance. Dusty does her own special medley of Christmas hits (Ricky keeps jumping on the punch line). Dusty and Divine have quite a rapport. Divine's brought a Christmas tape: "Santa Bring My Baby Back to Me" on ice (complete with pink flamingoes). Dusty recites "The Night Before Christmas".

Dusty Towne - O'Hara; Marcie Odette - Martin; Divine - Candy; Juul Haalmeyer Dancers - Juul Haalmeyer, Bob Dolman, Doug Steckler, Mert Rich, Ivan Lynch, extras; Wally Hung Trio: Drums (Ricky) - Moranis; Wally Hung on Korg Organ - Paul Flaherty; Bass - Dick Blasucci; announcer - staff announcer

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

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Musical Winterludes:

The Blind Boys Of Alabama "Go Tell It On The Mountain"

Pannellctp Traditional Gospel Music
Published on Feb 5, 2011

The Blind Boys Of Alabama "Go Tell It On The Mountain"

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License
Music: "Go Tell It On the Mountain (Live in New York)" by The Blind Boys of Alabama (iTunes)

A Colbert Christmas - Please be patient (Feist)

MinisterOfSincerity
Published on Jun 1, 2011

Please be Patient by Feist off the Stephen Colbert Christmas special.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License
Music: "Please Be Patient" by Feist (Google Play • iTunes)

Elvis Presley, Martina McBride - Blue Christmas

ElvisPresleyVEVO
Published on Oct 25, 2009

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License
Music: "Blue Christmas" by Elvis Presley, The Jordanaires (Google Play • iTunes)

The Byrds Turn! Turn! Turn! to Everything There is a Season folk rock band

EverythingThere
Published on Jun 22, 2010

Category Music
License Standard YouTube License
Music "Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is A Season)" by The Byrds (Google Play • iTunes)

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One final question: Who among us can deny the Spirit of the Season?

We at UFF suggest true Utopians embrace any and all mythologies that promote an ongoing, healthy, happy future for humanity and Mother Earth.

AMEN!

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Amen
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The word amen (/ˌɑːˈmɛn/ or /ˌeɪˈmɛn/)[a] is a declaration of affirmation[1][2] found in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. It is found in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim worship as a concluding word or response to prayers.[2] Common English translations of the word amen include "verily" and "truly". It can also be used colloquially to express strong agreement,[2] as in, for instance, amen to that.[3]

Etymology

The usage of Amen, meaning "so be it", as found in the early scriptures of the Bible is said to be of Hebrew origin;[5] however, the basic triconsonantal root from which the word was derived is common to a number of languages, such as Aramaic, in the Semitic branch of the Afrasian languages. The word was imported into the Greek of the early Church from Judaism.[1][6] From Greek, amen entered the other Western languages. According to a standard dictionary etymology, amen passed from Greek into Late Latin, and thence into English.[7] Rabbinic scholars from medieval France believed the standard Hebrew word for faith emuna comes from the root amen. Although in English transliteration they look different, they are both from the root aleph-mem-nun. That is, the Hebrew word amen derives from the same ancient triliteral Hebrew root as does the verb ʾāmán.[8]

Grammarians frequently list ʾāmán under its three consonants (aleph-mem-nun), which are identical to those of ʾāmēn (note that the Hebrew letter א aleph represents a glottal stop sound, which functions as a consonant in the morphology of Hebrew).[7] This triliteral root means to be firm, confirmed, reliable, faithful, have faith, believe.

In Arabic, the word is derived from its triliteral common root word ʾĀmana (Arabic: آمن‎), which has the same meanings as the Hebrew root word.

Popular among some theosophists,[9] proponents of Afrocentric theories of history,[10] and adherents of esoteric Christianity[11][12] is the conjecture that amen is a derivative of the name of the Egyptian god Amun (which is sometimes also spelled Amen). Some adherents of Eastern religions believe that amen shares roots with the Hindu Sanskrit word, Aum.[13][14][15][16] Such external etymologies are not included in standard etymological reference works. The Hebrew word, as noted above, starts with aleph, while the Egyptian name begins with a yodh.[17]

The Armenian word ամեն (amen) means "every"; however it is also used in the same form at the conclusion of prayers, much as in English.[citation needed] In French, the Hebrew word amen is sometimes translated as Ainsi soit-il, which means "So be it."[citation needed]

See Wikipedia site for related footnotes and further details on the word AMEN.

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DISCLAIMER: UFF does not own any of the above works, nor do we claim responsibility or ownership for any images or audio tracks shown in these and other videos UFF has posted. All rights go to their respective owners.

UFF TRANSPARENCY:

UFF Commentary notes are the sole responsibility of the President of UFF.

See post of November 29, 2017 for full transparency notes.

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Citizen Science For One and All * Science Quotes and Humour * Musical Interludes * UFF Disclaimer & Transparency Notes

Citizen Science For One and All * Science Quotes and Humour * Musical Interludes * UFF Disclaimer & Transparency Notes

NOTE: Please see UFF DISCLAIMER and TRANSPARENCY notes at the bottom of this post after you have reviewed materials of interest.

UFF Commentary:

How many people have a background in the sciences yet are not employed in their area of interest and/or competence due to a lack of paid opportunity?

And how many would-be scientists are frustrated, in many cases wasting their best years due to being underemployed in, or worse still, completely out of their field of dreams?

Our current social/political/economic systems have room for only so many paid "professionals". The rest, though technically qualified or competent through self education, must accept the fact that their lottery ticket in life has not turned out to be the winning number they anticipated. And so it goes when living in a competitive environment.

Yet for those who retain a passion for life and the human predicament, options such as becoming a citizen scientist offer an opportunity to contribute to the ongoing accumulation of knowledge and discovery.

Some work from home selecting the best Hubble and other telescope images for NASA and global scientists. Others provide details on migratory bird sightings worldwide by specie. Still others help protect local flora and fauna from invasive plant life and rampant populations of animals such as rats and rabbits (New Zealand in the first case, Australia the latter for example). By doing so, citizen scientists contribute to the ongoing evolution of human endeavor in service to Mother Earth and self actualization.

By the way, rat and rabbit population control issues are being addressd in the interest of protecting and/or bringing back native flora and fauna. In both cases citizens make a contribution that money can't buy (as in there's never enough money to go around).

And on the wonky side, there's a video in the humour section here below that questions paying New Zealand university students with free beer for rat catching, yet the message is clear: From Mother Earth to The Cosmos, more and more citizens are offered the opportunity to make a contribution to the scientific community.

First, let's start with an overview, with Citizen Science defined by Wikipedia -

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Citizen Science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Citizen Science (CS; also known as crowd science, crowd-sourced science, civic science, volunteer monitoring or networked science) is scientific research conducted, in whole or in part, by amateur (or nonprofessional) scientists. Citizen science is sometimes described as "public participation in scientific research", participatory monitoring and participatory action research.

Definition

The term CS has multiple origins, as well as differing concepts. It was first defined independently in the mid-1990s by Rick Bonney in the United States and Alan Irwin in the United Kingdom. Alan Irwin, a British sociologist, defines CS as "developing concepts of scientific citizenship which foregrounds the necessity of opening up science and science policy processes to the public". Irwin sought to reclaim two dimensions of the relationship between citizens and science: 1) that science should be responsive to citizens' concerns and needs; and 2) that citizens themselves could produce reliable scientific knowledge. The American ornithologist Rick Bonney, unaware of Irwin's work, defined CS as projects in which nonscientists, such as amateur birdwatchers, voluntarily contributed scientific data. This describes a more limited role for citizens in scientific research than Irwin's conception of the term.

The terms citizen science and citizen scientists entered the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) in June 2014. "Citizen science" is defined as "scientific work undertaken by members of the general public, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions". "Citizen scientist" is defined as: (a) "a scientist whose work is characterized by a sense of responsibility to serve the best interests of the wider community (now rare)"; or (b) "a member of the general public who engages in scientific work, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions; an amateur scientist". The first use of the term "citizen scientist" can be found in the magazine New Scientist in an article about ufology from October 1979.

Muki Haklay cites, from a policy report for the Wilson Center entitled "Citizen Science and Policy: A European Perspective", an alternate first use of the term "citizen science" by R. Kerson in the magazine MIT Technology Review from January 1989. Quoting from the Wilson Center report: "The new form of engagement in science received the name 'citizen science'. The first recorded example of the use of the term is from 1989, describing how 225 volunteers across the US collected rain samples to assist the Audubon Society in an acid-rain awareness raising campaign. The volunteers collected samples, checked for acidity, and reported back to the organization. The information was then used to demonstrate the full extent of the phenomenon."

A "Green Paper on Citizen Science" was published in 2013 by the European Commission's Digital Science Unit and Socientize.eu, which included a definition for CS, referring to "the general public engagement in scientific research activities when citizens actively contribute to science either with their intellectual effort or surrounding knowledge or with their tools and resources. Participants provide experimental data and facilities for researchers, raise new questions and co-create a new scientific culture. While adding value, volunteers acquire new learning and skills, and deeper understanding of the scientific work in an appealing way. As a result of this open, networked and trans-disciplinary scenario, science-society-policy interactions are improved, leading to a more democratic research, based on evidence-informed decision making."

Citizen science may be performed by individuals, teams, or networks of volunteers. Citizen scientists often partner with professional scientists to achieve common goals. Large volunteer networks often allow scientists to accomplish tasks that would be too expensive or time consuming to accomplish through other means.

Many citizen-science projects serve education and outreach goals. These projects may be designed for a formal classroom environment or an informal education environment such as museums.

Citizen science has evolved over the past four decades. Recent projects place more emphasis on scientifically sound practices and measurable goals for public education. Modern citizen science differs from its historical forms primarily in the access for, and subsequent scale of, public participation; technology is credited as one of the main drivers of the recent explosion of citizen science activity.

In March 2015, the Office of Science and Technology Policy published a factsheet entitled "Empowering Students and Others through Citizen Science and Crowdsourcing". It states: "Citizen science and crowdsourcing projects are powerful tools for providing students with skills needed to excel in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). Volunteers in citizen science, for example, gain hands-on experience doing real science, and in many cases take that learning outside of the traditional classroom setting. As part of the 5th White House Science Fair, the Obama Administration and a broader community of companies, non-profits, and others are announcing new steps to increase the ability of more students and members of the public to participate in the scientific process through citizen science and crowdsourcing projects." Among the "New Steps Being Announced by the Administration" there is a section on the "Installation of a Rain Gauge in the White House Garden".

In May 2016, a new open-access journal was started by the Citizen Science Association along with Ubiquity Press called Citizen Science: Theory and Practice (CS:T&P). The editorial article "The Theory and Practice of Citizen Science: Launching a New Journal" states: "CS:T&P provides the space to enhance the quality and impact of citizen science efforts by deeply exploring the citizen science concept in all its forms and across disciplines. By examining, critiquing, and sharing findings across a variety of citizen science endeavors, we can dig into the underpinnings and assumptions of citizen science and critically analyze its practice and outcomes. Such explorations can examine methods, approaches, benefits, costs, impacts, and challenges of citizen science and will help us better understand the role that citizen science can play in environmental science, public health, physics, biochemistry, community development, social justice, democracy, and beyond." The first edition has 5 research articles, 2 essays and 1 case study.

See Wikipedia site for reference materials and further info...

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Is there a budding, youthful scientist in your home or community? Whoever YOU are, please consider the following and recommend to others as need be.

SciStarter in the Classroom
Courtesy of: https://scistarter.com/educators

Should any of the below projects be of interest, please visit the SciStarter site for direct links and access to additional resources.

One of the most important aspects of the SciStarter mission is to make it simple, accessible, and fun for people of all ages to jump in and get involved in real world science. A burgeoning initiative by SciStarter is to serve as a resource for learners and educators in both formal and informal learning environments.

We’ve been working to add lesson plan resources to featured projects. We're happy that our partnership with the National Science Teachers' Association (NSTA) allows us to connect projects to a robust community of educators. Starting with the September 2016 issue of NSTA’s Science Scope Journal, each Science Scope issue includes a SciStarter feature on Citizen Science in the Classroom. In addition, the NSTA Press publication, Citizen Science: 15 Lessons That Bring Biology to Life, grades 6-12 serves as a resource for educators interested in implementing citizen science in the classroom. The book presents citizen science lessons in the 5E instructional model format (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate).

When we engage in hands-on, authentic real world science, we make observations, begin to formulate questions, experiment, and ultimately construct deeper understanding about the natural world. Sometimes, it opens our eyes to how little we actually know about the world. The merits of engaging in citizen science abound, benefiting both participants and researchers.

As an educator interested in integrating citizen science into your curriculum the SciStarter Project Finder is the perfect place to start - there are hundreds of projects suitable for students and many include teaching materials. Spend some time exploring projects with this tool and you’ll discover projects to integrate into your curriculum and implement in your classroom!

Elementary School

Lost Ladybug Project - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Help scientists find and photograph ladybugs so they can try to prevent more native species from becoming so rare.

Big Butterfly Count

Help scientists learn more about butterflies and the environment by submitting butterfly count from 15 minutes of observation. Counting butterflies for just fifteen minutes could help scientists better understand the environment. The Big Butterfly Count is a recently started national survey that hopes to engage citizen scientists by creating easy and engaging survey methods. This is an easy, fun, and meaningful way to engage in science. Print out an identification poster, get outside, and start counting!

Bumble Bee Tracker

Help track population changes of five bee species. Take and submit photos of bees near you. This project requires a camera, the ability to send an e-mail with a photo attachment and patience. A GPS unit (or equivalent) would also be helpful.

Dragonfly Migration

Help learn more about dragonfly migration in North America. Report movements of 5 main migratory species. Become part of an international network of citizen scientists and help monitor the spring and fall movements of the 5 main migratory species in North America, or report on these species throughout the year at a pond or wetland of your choice.

Spider Survey

Help scientists learn how urbanization affects spiders. Spot, record, and share sightings of spiders in Los Angeles. The project asks people to collect spiders in their homes and gardens, fill out a sample data sheet, and send or bring the spiders and forms to the National History Museum.

School of Ants

Help researchers learn about native and introduced species of ants by collecting samples and mailing them in! Teachers, students, parents, kids, junior-scientists, senior citizens and enthusiasts of all stripes are involved in collecting ants in schoolyards and backyards using a standardized protocol so that project coordinators can make detailed maps of the wildlife that lives just outside their doorsteps.

Middle School

CoCoRaHS - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Provide weather data to meteorologists! Measure rain, hail, and snow. Each time a rain, hail, or snow storm occurs, students can help take measurements of precipitation from around them and submit the data online. Reports of 'zero' precipitation are encouraged too!

Cell Slider

Accelerate cancer research to help find cures by classifying images of cancer cells. After a 10-minute tutorial, you can view images of cancer cells in an image carousel. Each image you will see is a tiny tumour sample from a huge dataset. Help scientists accelerate the analysis of this data by identifying the coloured sections of the image using our prompts, and bring forward the cures for cancers.

Encyclopedia of Life

The Encyclopedia of Life is an online, collaborative project where you can learn about any species on Earth, as well as contribute information and submit photos. This global initiative seeks to create an "infinitely expandable" resource for all of our planet’s 1.9 million known species. Use as a resource in the classroom or for homework assignments.

Project Budburst

Help scientists understand changing climates in your area. Make regular observations of your plants and submit data. Whether you have an afternoon, a few weeks, a season, or a whole year, you can make an important contribution to a better understanding of changing climates. Participating in Project BudBurst, a NEON citizen science program, is easy – everything needed to participate is on the web site. Choose a plant to monitor and share your observations with others online. Not sure where to start? Take a look at the Ten Most Wanted species.

Tomatosphere

Help scientists study long-term space travel by monitoring the growth of tomato seeds exposed to space conditions. Tomatosphere aims to inspire students by engaging them in real and meaningful science. Students are charged to monitor and record the germination rate for pre-treated tomato seeds in order to give researchers a better understanding of the long-term viability of growing tomatoes in space.

World Water Monitoring Day

Create world map of the health of water bodies. World Water Monitoring Day is an international program that encourages citizen volunteers to monitor their local water bodies. An easy-to-use test kit enables everyone from children to adults to sample local water bodies for basic water quality parameters: temperature, acidity (pH), clarity (turbidity), and dissolved oxygen.

High School

Project Noah - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Help scientists with ongoing research. Document nature with your mobile phone. Noah is a mobile phone app that students can use to document local wildlife and add their observations to a growing database for use by ongoing citizen-science projects.

Quake Catcher Network - Common Core & NextGen standards met

This project uses internet and sensors (subsidized or free for K-12 classrooms) to connect schools and other entities to an earthquake monitoring network. The idea of this project is to create earthquake and seismology awareness, as well as recording data though a “distributed computing network.” This means that your classroom’s computer will be linked to a network of other computers relaying information back to the central hub monitoring for earthquakes.

Be A Martian - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Help scientist improve maps of Mars and participate in other research tasks to help NASA manage the large amount of data from the Red Planet. Users create Martian profiles and become "citizens" of the planet. In the map room, citizens can then earn Martian credits by helping place satellite photos on Mars’s surface, counting craters, and even helping the rovers Spirit and Opportunity by tagging photos with descriptions.

Laughter Project

Help scientists understand how we perceive sounds. Listen to recordings of laughter. Decide if they're real or not. The results will help scientists from University College London to understand the way we perceive and react to different sounds. The experiment should take about 10 minutes.

Loss of the Night

Help scientists measure, understand effects of light pollution. Use a free app to identify as many visible stars as possible. The more stars you observe, and the more often you run the app, the more precise the data for your location will become. As the seasons change so do the stars in the sky, and since there aren't so many very bright stars it is extremely helpful if urban users do measurements in each season.

Old Weather

Help scientists create accurate climate models by transcribing 19th-century weather logs from U.S. ships. Could be used in conjuction with a history lesson! These transcriptions will contribute to climate model projections and will improve our knowledge of past environmental conditions. Historians will use your work to track past ship movements and tell the stories of the people on board.

Panamath

Test your own number sense and assess humans' math knowledge. Panamath is a free-standing software that can be used to assess number sense - your intuitive recognition of numbers and their relationship. Use Panamath to test your own number sense, read more about the research being done or download the software and adapt it for your own research or educational purposes.

College

NanoDoc

NanoDoc is an online game that allows bioengineers and the general public to design new nanoparticle strategies towards the treatment of cancer. You’ll learn about nanomedicine and explore how nanovehicles can cooperate with each other and their environment to kill tumors.

Folding@Home

Understand how proteins can fold incorrectly to cause disease. Install software on your computer that will perform calculations while your computer is idle. Help Stanford University scientists studying Alzheimer's, Huntington's, Parkinson's, and many cancers by simply running a piece of software on your computer.

Games With Words

This project is a unique blend of linguistics and psychology.Help scientists train computers to understand language by playing a variety of games that ask you about the meaning of words. Rather than try to work out the definition of a word all at once, we have broken the problem into a series of separate tasks. Each task has a fanciful backstory, but at its heart, each task is asking about a specific component of meaning that scientists suspect makes up one of the building blocks of meaning. You can participate for as little as a few minutes or come back to the site over and over to help code the many thousands of words in English.

National Map Corps

The US Geological Survey (USGS) is recruiting volunteers to collect and update USGS geographic data. Similar to how other online crowdsourcing cartographic applications allow anyone to collect, edit, and use geographic data through an online map editor, the USGS has developed an online editor customized to our data needs that allows volunteers to contribute data to The National Map.

Radio JOVE

NASA's Radio JOVE project enables students and amateur scientists to observe natural radio emissions from Jupiter, the Sun, and our galaxy. Participants learn about radio astronomy first-hand by building their own radio telescope from an inexpensive kit and/or using remote radio telescopes through the Internet. They also collaborate with each other through interactions and sharing of data on the network.

Don’t see what you’re looking for?

Additional resources on the SciStarter website include:

Back to School Citizen Science Newsletters: 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Citizen Science in the Classroom Series
A guide to Finding the first citizen science project for your classroom
SciStarter GLOBE Learning Center

Additional Educator Links for Citizen Science Exploration:

Citizen Science Toolkit for Educators from the California Academy of Sciences
CitizenScience: 15 Lessons That Bring Biology to Life, grades 6-12 from NSTA
Cornell Lab of Ornithology BirdSleuth Citizen Science for Educators
Education Working Group, Citizen Science Association
GLOBE (Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment)
NOVA Labs
Project Budburst Educator Resources
Students Discover and Your Wild Life
The Crowd & The Cloud a 4 part citizen science public television series coming in 2017
ZooTeach from the Zooniverse

If you have any questions or suggestions, e-mail SciStarter at info@scistarter.com.

*******

Here are more examples in video format...

The Awesome Power of Citizen Science

Published on Apr 20, 2016

You don't have to be a professional scientist to make a contribution to our collective knowledge. Today, we look at several projects that have benefitted from the power of citizen science!

Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

Tracking Backyard Birds

LabofOrnithology
Published on Dec 8, 2011

The same technology used to locate lost pets is now being used to track common backyard birds. Scientists and students at the Cornell Lab have collected data on hundreds of thousands of feeder visits so far by Black-capped Chickadees and other birds. Tiny tags weighing less than one-tenth of a gram are attached to the birds' legs and are detected each time the birds visit specially-rigged feeders. Watch this in which David Bonter describes the radio frequency identification (RFID) technique and what we can learn by keeping track of who's coming to dinner.

Learn more about tracking feeder birds with RFID at http://goo.gl/xpOlf
Learn more about project feeder watch at: http://www.birds.cornell.edu/pfw/
and http://goo.gl/xpOlf

Category: Science & Technology
License: Standard YouTube License

Citizen Scientists Are Finding "Yellow Balls" in Space Images | Video

CoconutScienceLab
Published on Apr 8, 2015

More space news and info at: http://www.coconutsciencelab.com - amateur astronomers have been finding "yellow balls" in space that may hold important clues to the mysteries of star-birth.

Category: Science & Technology
License: Standard YouTube License

How To Discover a New Planet From Home - Truthloader Investigates

Truthloader
Published on Jan 11, 2013

A new website is helping researchers discover new planets, and potentially even a cure for cancer, using an army of 750,000 'citizen scientists'. Zooniverse allows people with no training or expertise to log on and help change the world.

Truthloader is a channel dedicated to citizen journalism. We find the best examples of crowd-sourced video and independent content, then use our expertise to add context and analysis. We respond to the stories you're interested in, so if you've got a story you'd love us to get to the bottom of, tweet us, Facebook us, or respond to our videos with a comment - and perhaps check out our reddit.

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

Water on Ganymede, and NASA Needs Your Help!

SciShow Space
Published on Mar 19, 2015

Which is a bigger deal to you? The discovery that there’s probably more water on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede than all the oceans on Earth? Or the fact that you can now help NASA find asteroids? Learn about both, then decide for yourself!

http://www.topcoder.com/asteroids/ast...

Annotations:
Asteroids to Watch Out For:https://youtu.be/GKF3huDtM64
Space Mining: https://youtu.be/GKF3huDtM64
The Solar Eclipse of 2015!: https://youtu.be/9YVMEuoXWWQ
An Impossible Black Hole, and Finally Meeting Ceres: https://youtu.be/rzAEeROl3rw

Sources:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10...
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2015/march/...
http://www.scientificamerican.com/art...
http://spaceflightnow.com/2015/03/13/...
http://earthsky.org/space/underground...
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/march/...
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2015/march/...

Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

Can Citizen Science Save Us? | Mary Ellen Hannibal | TEDxStanford

Published on May 12, 2017

After three world-class scientists broke down and wept as they told science writer Hannibal about the alarming findings of their research on extinction, she knew she had to do something. Now the citizen scientist and Stanford Media Scholar is showing us how each of us can contribute to saving endangered plants and animals, one iPhone app and observation at a time.

Mary Ellen Hannibal is a long-time journalist focused on natural history and literature. Her most recent book, Citizen Scientist: Searching for Heroes and Hope in an Age of Extinction, was named one of 2016’s best non-fiction books by the San Francisco Chronicle. She is a recipient of the National Association of Science Writer’s Science and Society Award, among other honors, and is currently a Stanford media fellow.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

*******

Science Quotes:
Courtesy of: http://www.quotegarden.com/science.html

Tell me and I forget
Teach me and I remember
Involve me and I learn.
Benjamin Franklin

The scientific spirit is of more value than its products.
Thomas Huxley

Science is Nature's interpreter.
James Lendall Basford (1845–1915), Seven Seventy Seven Sensations, 1897

No one should approach the temple of science with the soul of a money changer.
Thomas Browne, attributed

Nature composes some of her loveliest poems for the microscope and the telescope.
Theodore Roszak, Where the Wasteland Ends, 1972

A fact is a simple statement that everyone believes. It is innocent, unless found guilty. A hypothesis is a novel suggestion that no one wants to believe. It is guilty, until found effective.
Edward Teller

Science does not know its debt to imagination.
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Louise: "How did you get here?"
Johnny: "Well, basically, there was this little dot, right? And the dot went bang and the bang expanded. Energy formed into matter, matter cooled, matter lived, the amoeba to fish, to fish to fowl, to fowl to frog, to frog to mammal, the mammal to monkey, to monkey to man, amo amas amat, quid pro quo, memento mori, ad infinitum, sprinkle on a little bit of grated cheese and leave under the grill till Doomsday."
From the movie Naked, written by Mike Leigh

To know the history of science is to recognize the mortality of any claim to universal truth.
Evelyn Fox Keller, Reflections on Gender and Science, 1995

If we wish to make a new world we have the material ready. The first one, too, was made out of chaos.
Robert Quillen

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Science Related Humour:

Let start with an example of Citizen Science with a questionable motivational component!

New Zealand Campaign Offers Students Free Beer for Dead Rats

nollyvines
Published on May 30, 2014
Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

Health Science Is Bullsh*t

CollegeHumor
Published on Sep 9, 2017

Make up your mind, health nuts! Next, you'll say cigarettes are bad for me!

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Big Train - Scientists Humour

sammalh4be
Published on Oct 5, 2008

Colleagues make a little joke on co-worker.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Science Fiction Galore - Best Of Just For Laughs Gags

Just For Laughs Gags
Published on Nov 18, 2012

The truth is out there! These pranks are out of this world! All the sci-fi you can shake a stick at, and then some. Beam me up because these might just be the droids you're looking for!
This video will self-destruct in 10, 9, 8, 7, 6...

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

*******

The following two entries are courtesy of: http://www.jupiterscientific.org/sciinfo/jokes/miscellaneousjokes.html

David Letterman's Top Ten Reasons Why Network News Producers Do Not Give Science More Air time:

Number Ten: They are unable to locate file footage of the Big Bang.
Number Nine: They think that high-temperature superconductors are too hot to handle.
Number Eight: El Niño is covered by the weather department.
Number Seven: They already did the O.J. DNA story.
Number Six: They are unable to find information about semiconductors in the music section of the library.
Number Five: They are afraid of reporting on dark matter because they think it is contagious.
Number Four: They are waiting for cold fusion.
Number Three: They think that the greatest scientific achievement is Tang.
Number Two: They wouldn't know the superconducting supercollider from a hole in the ground.
And the number one reason why network news producers do not give science more air time: Scientists are from Mars . . . Journalists from Venus.

*******

Question: What is "IT"?

Astronomers do IT all night.
Chemists do IT by bonding.
Newton did IT with force.
Eighteenth century physicists did IT with rigid bodies.
Maxwell did IT with magnetism.
Volta did IT with a jolt.
Watt did IT with power.
Joule did IT with energy.
Ohm did IT with resistance.
Pascal did IT under pressure.
Hooke did IT using springs.
Coulomb got all charged up about IT.
Hertz did IT frequently.
Boltzmann did IT in heat.
Ampere let IT flow.
For Franklin, IT was an electrifying experience.
Edison claims to have invented IT.
When Richter did IT, the Earth shook.
For Darwin, IT was natural.
Freud did IT in his sleep.
Mendel studied the consequences of IT.
When Wegener did IT, continents moved.
Classical physicists do IT in perfectly uniform harmonic motion.
Heisenberg was never sure whether he even did IT.
Bohr did IT in an excited state.
Pauli did IT but excluded his friends.
Schrödinger did IT in waves.
Bose did IT with partners.
Einstein did IT on a curved surface.
Oort did IT in a cloud.
Hubble did IT in the dark.
Watson and Crick got all wound up about IT.
Cosmologists do IT in a big bang.
Theorists do IT on paper.
Wigner did IT in a group.
Richter and Ting did IT with charm.
Astrophysicists do IT with young starlets.
Planetary scientists do IT with Uranus.
Electron microscopists do IT 100,000 times.
Feynman did IT in fields.
Hawking wrote a brief history of IT.
And supersymmetric theorists do IT with sleptons.

Answer: IT = science, of course.

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Musical Interludes:

The Grapes Of Wrath - I Am Here

Published on Oct 15, 2012

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Kellylee Evans - Hands Up (live sur Europe 1)

Published on Nov 5, 2015

Kellylee Evans était l'invitée de Nikos Alias dans Sortiez du Cadre à l'occasion de la sortie de son nouvel album Come on, le 13 novembre. Elle sera au Café de la Danse de Paris le 8 décembre.

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

01 Julian Taylor Band - Just a Little Bit

From the album "Desert Star"

Copyright 2016, Aporia Records

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Sesame Street: Believe in Yourself Song (Michael Bublé & Elmo)

Sesame Street
Published on Dec 9, 2014

You can be what you want to be and do what you want to do if you would just listen to Michael Bublé and believe in yourself. Some folks try to tell you you're not strong enough or smart enough and there are things you shouldn't do, but those people are quite often wrong!

Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

Into the Mystic | Van Morrison | Lyrics

Megan Smith

Published on Sep 11, 2015

Released | February 28th, 1970

Disclaimer | This video is for entertainment purposes only and no copyright infringement is intended.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Michael Mcintyre - British People on Holiday

Published on Jun 19, 2016

Michael Mcintyre discusses what it's like to be a British person on holiday. No copyright infringement intended.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Hardly Working: Vacation Day

Uploaded on Apr 23, 2009

Sometimes you just need to drop what you're doing and unwind.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Your Rich Friend Who Travels All the Time (Hardly Working)

Published on Feb 19, 2015

Eat, Pray, Shut Up.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Related Music:

Here's an eclectic selection of summertime music.

Let's go!

Ella Fitzgerald - Summertime (1968)

Uploaded on Jun 20, 2010

Ella Fitzgerald & the Tee Carson trio - Summertime (from Porgy and Bess, by George Gershwin).

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Summertime Rolls - Jane's Addiction.wmv

Published on Jul 10, 2012

The originator of this video says: "I do not own the copyright to the music in this video, nor do I intend to profit from it's use."

Nor do we at UFF.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License
Music: "Summertime Rolls (2006 Remastered Version )" by Jane's Addiction (Google Play • iTunes)

Cliff Richard - Summer Holiday

Uploaded on Jul 13, 2011

Cliff Richard and the Shadows - Summer Holiday

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

The Jamies - Summertime, Summertime (1958)

Published on Jul 7, 2012

The Jamies were an American singing group
Single Released in 1958
Chart : Peaked at No.26 on The Billboard Hot 100 in 1958

Lyrics :

It's summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime summertime sum sum summertime summertime...

Well shut them books and throw 'em away
And say goodbye to dull school days
Look alive and change your ways
It's summertime...

Well no more studying history
And no more reading geography
And no more dull geometry
Because it's summertime

It's time to head straight for them hills
It's time to live and have some thrills
Come along and have a ball
A regular free-for-all

Well are you comin' or are you stayin
You saw it first and I won't complain
Hurry up before I change
It's summertime

Well I'm so happy that I could flip
Oh how I'd love to take a trip
I'm sorry teacher but zip your lip
Because it's summertime

Well we'll go swimmin' every day
No time to work just time to play
If your folks complain just say,
"It's summertime"

And every night we'll have a dance
Cause what's a vacation without romance
Oh man this jive gets me in a trance
Because it's summertime
It's summertime

It's summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime summertime sum sum summertime
Summertime
It's summertime

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Lighthouse - Sunny Days

Uploaded on May 18, 2009

Lighthouse
Sunny Days
1972

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Summer in the City - Lovin' Spoonful

Uploaded on Aug 11, 2011

A 1966 hit single by Lovin' Spoonful. Written by John Sebastian, Mark Sebastian and Steve Boone.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Mungo Jerry - In The Summertime ORIGINAL 1970

Uploaded on Aug 17, 2010

This video clip was made in 1970, and is the original Mungo Jerry line up that recorded In The Summertime.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Eddie Cochran - Summertime Blues

Uploaded on Jan 23, 2012

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Sex Pistols - Holidays In The Sun

Published on Sep 17, 2012

Music video by Sex Pistols performing Holidays In The Sun. (C) 2012 Universal Music Operations Ltd.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Chambers Brothers - Time Has Come Today (Live extended version)

Published on Dec 7, 2011

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Zombies - Time Of The Season HD

Published on Oct 8, 2010

"Time of the Season" is a song by The Zombies, featured on their 1968 album Odessey and Oracle. It was written by keyboard player Rod Argent and recorded at Abbey Road Studios in August 1967.

Several other songs from Odessey and Oracle were released as singles prior to "Time of the Season". Columbia Records supported the album and its singles at the urging of new A&R Rep, Al Kooper. One of the singles was the uncommercial sounding "Butcher's Tale", which Columbia thought might catch on as an anti-war statement, at the time a popular trend. "Time of the Season" was only released at Kooper's urging, after previous singles flopped, and made its breakthrough in early 1969, over a year after the band split up. It reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 in March and #1 in Canada. It did not chart in the band's native Britain, although in mid-1969 it peaked at #2 on the South African hit parade.
The song's characteristics include the unique voice of lead singer Colin Blunstone, the memorable bass riff (which is similar to Ben E. King's hit "Stand By Me"), and Rod Argent's fast-paced psychedelic improvisation. The lyrics are an archetypical depiction of the emotions surrounding the Summer of Love. It is famous for such call-and-response verses as "What's your name? (What's your name?) / Who's your daddy? (Who's your daddy?) / Is he rich? (Is he rich like me?)" approximately 50 seconds into the track. Both stereo and monaural original releases contain vocal responses.
In 1998, Big Beat Records released a CD reissue of Odessey and Oracle containing both the original stereo and mono versions of "Time of The Season". It also featured a newly remixed alternate version containing instrumental backing underneath the vocals during the entire chorus. These instrumental backings had been mixed out on the original 1968 stereo and mono versions to create a cappella vocal sections.
Music critic Antonio Mendez called it one of the sublime songs on Odessey and Oracle.

"Time of The Season" is frequently used in pop culture to represent the late 1960s. In that sense, it is featured in the films 1969, Awakenings, A Walk on the Moon and Riding the Bullet, all of which depict the year of 1969. "Time of the Season" is played in the background of The Simpsons episode "D'oh-in In the Wind", in which Homer decides to follow the footsteps of his mother and become a hippie. In the South Park episodes "The Mexican Staring Frog of Southern Sri Lanka" and "201" it is used in flashback scenes portraying the Vietnam War. It was also featured in the 2005 film Dear Wendy, it is also referenced in the final words of Dick's letter addressed to Wendy. The song was also featured on the HBO series, Big Love.
The NBC series American Dreams, which depicts the mid and late 1960s in American society, featured the song in its third season episode "So Long, Farewell". "Tell Her No" and "She's Not There", The Zombies' other major hits in the U.S., were also used in the show; the latter were included in the series' soundtrack.
It is also common for the song to appear in romantic scenes, as in the aforementioned film 1969. In the Friends episode "The One With the Flashback", the song is played in a dream sequence where Rachel fantasizes about Chandler. In the final scene of the Will and Grace episode "Marry Me A Little", it is used to represent Grace's joy after marrying Leo.
"Time of the Season" is also featured in a scene of the 1999 NBC miniseries The '60s. The song's usage in this particular scene was anachronistic, however, since it was supposed to portray 1965. The same is true of the film Shanghai Knights, which is supposed to depict 1887.
"Time of the Season" has been featured in several TV commercials, such as a 1999 Tampax ad set at the Woodstock Festival, a 2005 Fidelity Investments commercial, a 2006 ad for Sprite (in which a chorus of flowers with human faces performs an a cappella version of the song, a 2006 ad for Magners Irish Cider, and a 2008 Crest ad in Mexico. It was also used in the advertising campaigns of Nissan Tiida in Japan (2004), Greece (2007), and Russia (2008).
In sports, it was featured in "Free Your Mind", the 16th video in the Transworld Skateboarding series. During the 2006 playoffs, the song was played in Shea Stadium as the home-team New York Mets took the field.
The song appears on the video game Karaoke Revolution Presents: American Idol Encore and DJ Hero.
The song appears in the movie The Debt released in the U.S. in August 2011.
The song is regularly played with a psychedelic video at Las Vegas' Fremont Street Experience on a four-block long Viva Vision overhead screen with a 500,000 watt sound system, the video titled Signs of Life.
The song was played during the 2013 supernatural horror movie The Conjurin.

Wikipedia

Category: People & Blogs
License: Standard YouTube License

THE CARS ― GOOD TIMES ROLL

Uploaded on Jun 17, 2011

GOOD TIMES ROLL ― let the good times roll / let them knock you around / let the good times roll / let them make you a clown / let them leave you up in the air / let them brush your rock and roll hair / let the good times roll / let the stories be told / let them say what they want / let the photos be old / let them show what they want / if the illusion is real / let them give you a ride / if they got thunder appeal / let them be on your side

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

K-391 - Summertime [Sunshine]

Published on Sep 5, 2014

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

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MOST IMPORTANT: Take the time to refresh, enjoy, rejuvenate, alone or in the company of others this Summer and beyond!

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The Best Country To Travel To In 2017 - Lonely Planet

Published on Oct 25, 2016

The world’s second-largest country will usher in its sesquicentennial in 2017 in rollicking good health. Marking 150 years since confederation, the elongated birthday party promises to be heavy on bonhomie and highly welcoming to international gatecrashers. Lonely Planet author, Celeste Brash, tells us more.

Category: Travel & Events
License: Standard YouTube License

Finally, if you have kids, here's a reminder of what's most important when taking time off with family...

What Kids Really Want From Vacation | Kid President

Published on Jun 30, 2015

Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

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Have a Utopian Summer! Enjoy life! Share the blessings of The Seasons!

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Nomophobians, Social Medians and Related Gaming Addicts: Just Lonely, Wasting Wannabees? Meaningful Life Anyone? Multiple Related Entries Including "Kids And Screen Time: What Does The Research Say?"; "What Too Much Screen Time Does To Your Eyes"; Benefits of Doodling & Cursive Writing; Related Humour & Music

Nomophobians, Social Medians and Related Gaming Addicts: Just Lonely, Wasting Wannabees? Meaningful Life Anyone? Multiple Related Entries Including

Communicating over long distances has come a long way from drum beats, smoke signals, flag waving, morse code, ringing of the dinner bell and plain old yelling out the back door. Ah yes, the good old days...

And now -

Whether we're seated at a desk at home or at work, or mobile, on the go, we're increasingly glued to screens of varying sizes, passing time or meeting a deadline. More and more, we're connected, wired in or wireless, plugged in or battery driven as need be with smart phones, tablets, laptops and hard drives with ever increasing storage and power. So much connectivity begs the question: Are we empowered by or slaves to communication technologies? Facilitated or debilitated? Connected in meaningful ways or disconnected in dehumanizing ways? Such is the paradox that comes with ever available, ubiquitous smart technologies that permeate our global culture.

Convenient, isn't it? We used to have to travel so as to "meet up" with people for personal and/or business relations. Now we can exchange salutations with someone on the other side of the planet without leaving the comfort of our humble abode at prices most can't afford. Yet many see advances in communication technologies fraught with hidden Trojan Horses we have only recently started to study and document.

Suddenly (in evolutionary terms) -

We're out there... There but not there. Oh, we're connected in a manner, yet at times oblivious to our surroundings, so focused are we on whatever task or game is at hand, on screen, ear buds in place, music or whatever the focus. Our hands busily surf the cloud, thoughts are exchanged with words unspoken, no eye contact required.

Why do so many of us prefer to disconnect from much of our surroundings? Is it the traffic noises, news, personalized collective angst that is the new taboo, unspoken truths about social/political/economic realities we are best distracted from so as to minimize stress, loneliness, boredom, lack of life purpose? As in if we don't talk about how precarious we are as a specie, all our problems, personal and otherwise will be out of mind? No need now to look into the eyes of that real person we just brushed against yet don't know and possibly never will. We're just walking by, on our way, there, not there...

WHAT IF we were to all stop wearing headsets or earbuds while outdoors? No screen time while outdoors either...

Immediate possibilities:

• Traffic safety
• Potential for eye to eye street level interpersonal connectivity
• Birdsong (if you're lucky enough to appreciate such subtleties)

And WHAT IF all gaming had to be done face to face?

Potential possibilities:

• Better heads up and read on your real and/or potential adversaries
• Potential for more meaningful personal interactions/relationships beyond gaming
• Less lonely
• Less isolated

And WHAT IF we were to shut down our smart phones, computers and related technologies indefinitely?

Long term possibilities:

• Self discovery within a meaningful collective and beyond, so -

See below posts on nomophobia, excessive gaming and screen time, then consider options (best practices) essential to a healthy, vibrant, creative existence.

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How Is Your Phone Changing You?

Published on Jun 2, 2016

Should you be worried about your cellphone?

6 Reasons For A Cellphone Vacation

Courtesy of:
ASAPSCIENCE INC.

Category: Science & Technology
License: Standard YouTube License

Web junkies of the gaming kind are also caught up in the net...

China's Web Junkies: Internet Addiction Documentary | Op-Docs | The New York Times

Published on Jan 21, 2014

A short documentary about a Chinese boot-camp-style treatment center for young men "addicted" to the Internet.

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

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Homophobia is not new, as demonstrated by the below entry from 2013.

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Mobile Phone Anxiety Survey Says 'Nomophobia' On The Rise

Published on Aug 25, 2013

Millions of us carry mobile phones - some people say they can't live without them. But according to UK researchers if you're more concerned about what you're missing on your phone, rather than your family and friends, you could be suffering from 'no mobile phone phobia'. Or Nomophobia. Al Jazeera's Phil Lavelle reports.

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

Meanwhile, a year earlier...

Nomophobia Rehab

Published on Dec 4, 2012

Does the thought of being without your iPhone or Droid send waves of panic through your body? If so, you might have "nomophobia" (no-mobile-phone-phobia).But don't worry! Just because you're addicted doesn't mean there's nothing you can do about it.We got some tips from Clinical Psychologist Elizabeth Waterman from the Morningside Recovery Center in Newport Beach, Calif. She treats patients with nomophobia!

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

Quit Social Media | Dr. Cal Newport | TEDxTysons

Published on Sep 19, 2016

'Deep work' will make you better at what you do. You will achieve more in less time. And feel the sense of true fulfillment that comes from the mastery of a skill.

Cal Newport is an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Georgetown University. In addition to studying the theoretical foundations of our digital age, Newport also writes about the impact of these technologies on the world of work. His most recent book, Deep Work, argues that focus is the new I.Q. in the modern workplace and that the ability to concentrate without distraction is becoming increasingly valuable. He previously wrote So Good They Can’t Ignore You, a book which debunks the long-held belief that “follow your passion” is good advice, and three popular books of unconventional advice for students.

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

A year offline, what I have learned | Paul Miller | TEDxEutropolis

Published on Sep 13, 2013

Paul Miller is an American Technology Journalist from Springfield, Missouri and senior editor for The Verge. During the past year he decided to disconnect from the hyperconnected world in an attempt to 'find himself' and become more productive. He abandoned the internet and disconnected from all Social Media, returning to a life before the net, apps and smartphones.

His experiment gained worldwide media attention when he published his article 'I'm still here' at The Verge. After a year of living 'disconnected' he published his findings and caused quite a discussion on hyperconnectivity and the influence of the internet on our daily lives.

At TEDxEutropolis Paul Miller will speak on his experiment 'Without the Internet' and his view on the intertwined worlds of living both online and offline. If you want to read his article entitled 'I'm still here' for The Verge, just follow the links. In the article Miller explains how the internet (and leaving it) influenced his life, which eventually also inspired a video documentary.

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

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Kids And Screen Time: What Does The Research Say?

August 28, 20142:59 PM ET
JUANA SUMMERS
Courtesy of: http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2014/08/28/343735856/kids-and-screen-time-what-does-the-research-say

Kids are spending more time than ever in front of screens, and it may be inhibiting their ability to recognize emotions, according to new research out of the University of California, Los Angeles.

The study, published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior, found that sixth-graders who went five days without exposure to technology were significantly better at reading human emotions than kids who had regular access to phones, televisions and computers.

The UCLA researchers studied two groups of sixth-graders from a Southern California public school. One group was sent to the Pali Institute, an outdoor education camp in Running Springs, Calif., where the kids had no access to electronic devices. For the other group, it was life as usual.

At the beginning and end of the five-day study period, both groups of kids were shown images of nearly 50 faces and asked to identify the feelings being modeled. Researchers found that the students who went to camp scored significantly higher when it came to reading facial emotions or other nonverbal cues than the students who continued to have access to their media devices.

"We were pleased to get an effect after five days," says Patricia Greenfield, a senior author of the study and a distinguished professor of psychology at UCLA. "We found that the kids who had been to camp without any screens but with lots of those opportunities and necessities for interacting with other people in person improved significantly more."

If the study were to be expanded, Greenfield says, she'd like to test the students at camp a third time — when they've been back at home with smartphones and tablets in their hands for five days.

"It might mean they would lose those skills if they weren't maintaining continual face-to-face interaction," she says.

A Wake-Up Call For Educators

There's a big takeaway for schools, Greenfield says.

"A lot of school systems are rushing to put iPads into the hands of students individually, and I don't think they've thought about the [social] cost," she explains. "This study should be, and we want it to be, a wake-up call to schools. They have to make sure their students are getting enough face-to-face social interaction. That might mean reducing screen time."

The results of the UCLA study seem to line up with prior research, says Marjorie Hogan, a pediatrician at Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis and a spokeswoman for the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

"Common sense tells me that if a child's laying on his or her bed and texting friends instead of getting together and saying, 'Hey, what's up,' that there's a problem there," she says. "I want people interacting ... on a common-sense level, and an experiential level. It does concern [me]."

Hogan relates the UCLA study's findings back to research on infants.

"When babies are babies, they're learning about human interaction with face-to-face time and with speaking to parents and having things they say modeled back to them," she says. "That need doesn't go away."

How Much Screen Time Is Too Much?

For decades the AAP has warned that children need to cut back on their screen time. The group's latest prescription: Entertainment "screen time" should be limited to two hours a day for children ages 3-18. And, for 2-year-olds and younger, none at all.

The sixth-graders who made up the sample in the UCLA study self-reported that they spent an average of more than four hours on a typical school day texting, watching television and playing video games.

The San Francisco nonprofit Common Sense Media studies screen time from birth and, in 2013, found that children under 8 (a younger sample than the kids in the UCLA study) were spending roughly two hours a day in front of a screen.

"If used appropriately, it's wonderful," Hogan says of digital media. "We don't want to demonize media, because it's going to be a part of everybody's lives increasingly, and we have to teach children how to make good choices around it, how to limit it and how to make sure it's not going to take the place of all the other good stuff out there."

Some research suggests that screen time can have lots of negative effects on kids, ranging from childhood obesity and irregular sleep patterns to social and/or behavioral issues.

"We really need to be sure that children, and probably older people, are getting enough face-to-face interaction to be competent social beings," Greenfield says. "Our species evolved in an environment where there was only face-to face-interaction. Since we were adapted to that environment, it's likely that our skills depend on that environment. If we reduce face-to-face interaction drastically, it's not surprising that the social skills would also get reduced."

What About 'Educational Screen Time'?

Research out of the Joan Ganz Cooney Center, a nonprofit research and production institute affiliated with the Sesame Workshop, suggests that less than half the time kids between the ages of 2 and 10 spend in front of screens is spent consuming "educational" material.

The center also looked at family income as a determining factor of screen time. Lower-income families reported that their children spent more time engaging with educational screen activities than higher-income families did. Fifty-seven percent of screen time for families earning less than $25,000 was education-focused, compared with 38 percent for families earning between $50,000 to $99,000.

How To Limit Kids' Screen Time?

Of course, as media multiplies, it's increasingly difficult to manage kids' screen time. Where several decades ago, television was the only tech distraction, kids now have smartphones, tablets and laptops — not to mention electronic games.

"We need to make media a part of our lives, but in a planned, sensible way," Hogan says.

Her suggestion: Families should encourage a "healthy media diet" for their children. Parents and kids should work together to decide how much time to spend with media every day, and to make sure good choices are being made about what media to take in.

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What Too Much Screen Time Does To Your Eyes

By BIANCA SEIDMAN CBS NEWS August 13, 2015, 2:11 PM
Courtesy of: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/screen-time-digital-eye-strain/

As people of all ages are spending more hours focused on digital screens, their eyes are getting an exhausting endurance workout.

Eye strain from hours of screen time can result in eye irritation, dryness, fatigue or blurred vision, and such problems are increasingly common, according to a new report.

"Some of us are using these things for up to nine hours a day. Your eye muscles have to focus at that near range and that can be fatiguing," Dr. Christopher Starr, an associate professor of ophthalmology at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, told CBS "This Morning."

"You can imagine if you were at the gym and you held a dumbbell, your bicep would be extremely sore nine hours later.... Same thing for your eyes, you have to take breaks to relieve those muscles," he said.

A vast majority of American adults surveyed -- 93 percent -- spends two hours or more per day in front of some sort of screen, from televisions to computers to smartphones to e-readers, according to the report by The Vision Council, an advocacy group for optical manufacturers and distributors. Sixty-one percent said they spend five or more hours and 30 percent said they look at screens more than nine hours per day. The group surveyed more than 9,700 U.S. adults.

The range of media devices the respondents were using was broad. Sixty-nine percent of people reported used smartphones, 58 percent used laptops, 52 percent used a desktop computer and 43 percent used a tablet or e-reader. Seventy-seven percent said they watched television.

Activities Associated With Digital Device Use:

Work: 44%
Recreational Reading: 43%
Waking Up: 38%
Travel: 32%
Meal Preparation: 26%

Courtesy: THE VISION COUNCIL

Most digital screens are backlit and emit blue light, or high-energy visible (HEV) light wavelengths, which the group said can cause irritation and possibly long-term damage to the retina. Blue light is also known to suppress the sleep hormone melatonin, causing an artificial feeling of wakefulness and disrupting sleep patterns, which can add to eye strain.

Dryness, caused by reduced blinking while staring at screens, is also a common factor in digital eye strain. A person's blink rate -- normally about 15-20 times per minute -- can decrease by up to half when people are fixated on what they're viewing on a screen.

"When you're not blinking, and you're staring and your eyes are wide open, tears evaporate very quickly," Starr said. "You get dry spots, blurred vision, it can cause redness, pain, and over the course of the day it just worsens and worsens."

Just like other muscles in the body, the eyes need a varied "workout" and some respite from prolonged strain.

"What we recommend to reduce this -- what's called computer vision syndrome -- is to follow something called the 20-20-20 rule," said Starr. "Every 20 minutes that you're on a computer or a mobile device, look away from the computer at an object at 20 feet away or further for 20 seconds or more. And that will let those eye muscles relax."

Anti-reflective lenses on eyeglasses or filters for screens can also help absorb some of the blue light and limit how much reaches the retina and into the central nerve of the eye.

People with myopia, or nearsightedness, and other vision issues like hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia, may be at increased risk for digital eye strain. The National Eye Institute says that myopia has become much more common in recent generations. More than 34 million Americans have myopia, projected to reach 40 million by 2030.

In addition to taking breaks from focus on digital screens and using eyewear, doctors recommend adjusting light exposure to help with eye strain, both indoors and outdoors.

Contrary to popular opinion, more indoor light may actually be worse for reading, when it's on a screen. Too much light competing with the device's light creates glare. And a bright, white background is also worse than a cooler, gray tone.

Getting enough outdoor light is also critical to helping eye muscles develop and stay healthy.

Though the highest reports of eye strain are from the groups who likely use the screens for work the most -- Millennials and Generation X -- children are also a concern. The report says more than 23 percent of kids use digital screens more than three hours a day.

"One of the newest studies I've seen actually shows that the kids -- when you're doing all this reading and using computers, you're indoors," said Starr. "There's some evidence that you need some natural light, for the eye's maturity and if you don't have that natural light, the eyes might get longer and more near-sighted."

"The computers aren't going anywhere, mobile devices aren't going anywhere, " he added. "They're very useful, obviously.... We're not saying don't use them, we're saying when you do use them, use them wisely and smartly."

© 2015 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.g

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Doodling & Cursive Writing:

You may be surprised with how both doodling and cursive writing benefit your cognitive skills!

Doodling Helps You in School?

Published on Mar 19, 2013

Classroom sketchers and scribblers rejoice: doodling can improve your recall! In this DNews video, Laci looks at a new study that gives hope to everyday artistes.

Read More:

"What Does Doodling do?"
http://pignottia.faculty.mjc.edu/math...

"Doodling is a way of passing the time when bored by a lecture or telephone call. Does it improve or hinder attention to the primary task?"

"Can Doodling Improve Memory and Concentration?"
http://www.spring.org.uk/2013/01/can-...

"An experiment suggests doodling may be more than just a pleasant waste of time and paper."

"Boredom Explained (in under 300 words)"
http://www.spring.org.uk/2013/01/bore...

"What is the best psychological strategy to avoid boredom?"

DNews is a show about the science of everyday life. We post two new videos every day of the week.

Category: Science & Technology
License: Standard YouTube License

How to Doodle: Some Tips (50x speed)

Published on Oct 27, 2012

Category: Howto & Style
License: Standard YouTube License

Doodling in Math Class: DRAGONS

Published on Aug 19, 2013

You can totally draw fractals freehand, yo.

Things to look up if you want: Dragon Curve, Sierpinski's Triangle, L-systems, fractals, space-filling curves.

Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

Why Write? Penmanship For The 21st Century | Jake Weidmann | TEDxMileHigh

Published on Jul 14, 2014

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. What is the future of writing in the digital age, and why does it matter? In this surprising talk, Master Penman Jake Weidmann explores the connections between the pen and how we learn, think, and carry our cultural heritage at a time when the very act of writing is being dropped from school curricula across the country.

Jake Weidmann became the youngest person to receive his Master Penman certificate in July 2011. He works across several mediums including drawing in pencil and charcoal; pen and ink; painting in acrylic, airbrush, oil and gouache; sculpting in wood, bone, antler and clay; and is versed in numerous forms of calligraphy. He is best known for the integration of flourishing and hand- lettering in his art. Jake also designs his own hand-made pens. He, like his pens, travels the globe, reintroducing this Old World art form and cultivating its relevance in the world of today, of tomorrow, and forevermore.

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

Jeanne Robertson - "Learning Cursive ... Or Not"

Published on Jan 10, 2015

Jeanne is on SiriusXM Radio - this clip is from Jeanne's upcoming DVD Fabulously Funny

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

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Nomophobia Humour:

Danger lurks at every corner...

Very Funny Cartoon Animation About Smartphone Addiction

Published on Apr 22, 2015

Phone addiction could be dangerous.

Take a look at the Speaking Mind app – it's a great software that frees your eyes and hands for other tasks and may save your life some day. http://speind.me

Category: People & Blogs
License: Standard YouTube License

Nomophobia Every Day (Apple iPhone TV Ad Parody)

Published on Oct 24, 2013

Admit it, you have nomophobia.

A Parody of Apple's "Music/Photos Every Day" Commercial.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

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Related Music:

This first track is abstract yet strangely appropriate, especially if you have your headset on while walking across a red light on a busy day.

James Egbert - Nomophobia

Published on Jan 25, 2017

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

The Marvelettes - Please Mr. Postman (1961)

Uploaded on Feb 5, 2011

Writers: Georgia Dobbins, Brian Holland, Robert Bateman, Freddie Gorman, William Garrett
Releasing date: August 21, 1961
Format: 7" single
Label: Tamla Motown (T 54046)
Recording: Hitsville USA, Detroit (USA), April 1961
Line-up: Katherine Anderson, Wyanetta "Juanita" Cowart, Gladys Horton, Georgeanna Tillman, Wanda Young
Musicians: The Funk Brothers (Benny Benjamin, drums; Eddie "Bongo" Brown, percussions; Marvin Gaye, drums; James Jamerson, bass; Richard "Popcorn" Wylie, piano)
Producer: Brianbert (Brian Holland & Robert Bateman)
Also included on the LP "Please Mr. Postman" (Tamla, TM 228)

Other versions: The Backbeat Band; The Beatles; The Carnebees; The Carpenters; Octavio Cavalli; Chibras; China Dolls; Richard Clayderman; Cowsills; El Cuarteto de Nos; Peggy Evers; Whoopi Goldberg; Hugaria; Les Kelton; The Koppykatz; Punkles; Quebec; Revolver; Helen Shapiro.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Sam Smith - Writing's On The Wall (from Spectre)

Published on Oct 4, 2015

Writing’s On The Wall’ by Sam Smith, the official theme song from Spectre

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License
Music: "Writing's On The Wall" by Sam Smith (Google Play)

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WHAT IF there's to be an "Internet of Us"?

Our brains would be WIFI'ed to the cloud, nervous systems straddling a quantum leap to the known universe and beyond.

Would that be a Utopian or potentially a Dystopian development for humanity? Discuss...

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Suspended Disbelief: Are Utopian Cities Possible If We Just Care To Do So? Includes Related Examples, Quotes, Humour, Magical Effects of Music

Suspended Disbelief: Are Utopian Cities Possible If We Just Care To Do So? Includes Related Examples, Quotes, Humour, Magical Effects of Music

WHAT IF we devoted ourselves to building Utopian cities? Not Doo Buy just because we can afford it. We mean the real thing, preferably evolving research entities featuring the latest in eco friendly design, conceived, engineered, ideally built by the neglected multitudes who are pining for something meaningful to do, a life worth living, giving and sharing.

Anything is possible if we're prepared to put in the creative effort and smart investment.

But first, we may need to accept the seemingly impossible as possible. We need to suspend our disbelief.

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Suspension of Disbelief
According to Wikipedia

The term suspension of disbelief or willing suspension of disbelief has been defined as a willingness to suspend one's critical faculties and believe the unbelievable; sacrifice of realism and logic for the sake of enjoyment. The term was coined in 1817 by the poet and aesthetic philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who suggested that if a writer could infuse a "human interest and a semblance of truth" into a fantastic tale, the reader would suspend judgement concerning the implausibility of the narrative. Suspension of disbelief often applies to fictional works of the action, comedy, fantasy, and horror genres. Cognitive estrangement in fiction involves using a person's ignorance to promote suspension of disbelief.

The phrase "suspension of disbelief" came to be used more loosely in the later 20th century, often used to imply that the burden was on the reader, rather than the writer, to achieve it. This might be used to refer to the willingness of the audience to overlook the limitations of a medium, so that these do not interfere with the acceptance of those premises. These fictional premises may also lend to the engagement of the mind and perhaps proposition of thoughts, ideas, art and theories.

Suspension of disbelief is often an essential element for a magic act or a circus sideshow act. For example, an audience is not expected to actually believe that a woman is cut in half or transforms into a gorilla in order to enjoy the performance.

According to the theory, suspension of disbelief is an essential ingredient for any kind of storytelling. With any film, the viewer has to ignore the reality that they are viewing a two-dimensional moving image on a screen and temporarily accept it as reality in order to be entertained. Black-and-white films provide an obvious early example that audiences are willing to suspend disbelief, no matter how unreal the images appear, for the sake of entertainment. With the exception of totally color blind people (See: Achromatopsia), no person viewing these films sees the real world without color, but they are still willing to suspend disbelief and accept the images in order to be entertained. Suspension of disbelief is also supposed to be essential for the enjoyment of many movies and TV shows involving complex stunts, special effects, and seemingly unrealistic plots, characterizations, etc.

Coleridge's Original Formulation

Coleridge coined the phrase in his Biographia Literaria, published in 1817, in the context of the creation and reading of poetry. Chapter XIV describes the preparations with Wordsworth for their revolutionary collaboration Lyrical Ballads (first edition 1798), for which Coleridge had contributed the more romantic, gothic pieces including The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. Poetry and fiction involving the supernatural had gone out of fashion to a large extent in the 18th century, in part due to the declining belief in witches and other supernatural agents among the educated classes, who embraced the rational approach to the world offered by the new science. Alexander Pope, notably, felt the need to explain and justify his use of elemental spirits in The Rape of the Lock, one of the few English poems of the century that invoked the supernatural. Coleridge wished to revive the use of fantastic elements in poetry. The concept of "willing suspension of disbelief" explained how a modern, enlightened audience might continue to enjoy such types of story.

Coleridge recalled:

"... It was agreed, that my endeavours should be directed to persons and characters supernatural, or at least romantic, yet so as to transfer from our inward nature a human interest and a semblance of truth sufficient to procure for these shadows of imagination that willing suspension of disbelief for the moment, which constitutes poetic faith. Mr. Wordsworth on the other hand was to propose to himself as his object, to give the charm of novelty to things of every day, and to excite a feeling analogous to the supernatural, by awakening the mind's attention from the lethargy of custom, and directing it to the loveliness and the wonders of the world before us ...

The notion of such an action by an audience was however recognized in antiquity, as seen particularly in the Roman theoretical concerns of Horace, who also lived in an age of increasing skepticism about the supernatural, in his Ars Poetica.

Examples in Literature

Suspension of disbelief is sometimes said to be an essential component of live theater, where it was recognized by Shakespeare, who refers to it in the Prologue to Henry V. (See Wikipedia for minimal)

Example in Politics

It was used by Hillary Clinton during the United States' 2008 presidential election preliminaries. She apparently considered General Petraeus' reports on Iraq to be unbelievable or not factual, and used the phrase "suspension of disbelief" loosely, in this case, implying such to be a requirement to accept his statements.

Psychology

Psychological critic Norman Holland points to a neuroscientific explanation. When we hear or watch any narrative, our brains go wholly into perceiving mode, turning off the systems for acting or planning to act, and with them go our systems for assessing reality. We have, in Coleridge's second, more accurate phrase, "poetic faith". That's why humans have such trouble recognizing lies: they first believe, then have to make a conscious effort to disbelieve.

Only when we stop perceiving to think about what we have seen or heard, only then do we assess its truth-value. If we are really "into" the fiction – "transported", in the psychologists' term – we are, as Immanuel Kant pointed out long ago, "disinterested". We respond aesthetically, without purpose. We don't judge the truth of what we're perceiving, even though if we stop being transported and think about it, we know quite well it's a fiction.

Suspension of disbelief has also been used within a mental health context by Frank DeFulgentis in his book Flux. It is an attempt to describe the phenomenon of forgetting irrational thoughts associated with cases of OCD. In the book, the author suggests 'suspending disbelief' as opposed to forcing ourselves to forget; similar to how one would put a virus in quarantine. We can thereby allow ourselves to be absorbed in the activities around us until these irrationalities vanish on their own accord.

Criticisms

Aesthetic philosophers generally reject claims that suspension of disbelief accurately characterizes the relationship between people and "fictions." Kendall Walton notes that, if viewers were to truly suspend disbelief at a horror movie and accept its images as true, they would have a true-to-life set of reactions. For instance, audience members would cry out, "Look behind you!" to an endangered on-screen character or call the police when they witnessed an on-screen murder.

However, many of these criticisms simply fail to notice that Coleridge's original statement came in a restrictive clause. The formulation "...that willing suspension of disbelief for the moment which constitutes poetic faith," of necessity implies that there are different sorts of suspension of disbelief and specifies that poetic faith is one instance of a larger class. One need not choose to believe that a character in a horror film is a real person in order, for example, to choose to believe that the character is looking at the building seen in the following reverse-shot. More often than not, both beliefs would be equally false.

Not all authors believe that suspension of the disbelief adequately characterizes the audience's relationship to imaginative works of art. J. R. R. Tolkien challenges this concept in his essay "On Fairy-Stories", choosing instead the paradigm of secondary belief based on inner consistency of reality. Tolkien says that, in order for the narrative to work, the reader must believe that what he reads is true within the secondary reality of the fictional world. By focusing on creating an internally consistent fictional world, the author makes secondary belief possible. Tolkien argues that suspension of disbelief is only necessary when the work has failed to create secondary belief. From that point the spell is broken, and the reader ceases to be immersed in the story and must make a conscious effort to suspend disbelief or else give up on it entirely.

See Wikipedia for references and expanded details...

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Examples in Film and Animation:

Who among us has not reacted emotionally to a suspense or horror film? Why are children mesmerized by something as simple as a hand puppet? Such is the power of suspended disbelief!

Film First -

Early work on motion picture film and audience reaction at the Paris Exposition of 1895 is an excellent example of suspended disbelief. Read about audience reactions, legendary as they may be, in bold here below.

Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (The Lumière Brothers, 1895)

Uploaded on May 27, 2006

Original Title: L'Arrivée d'un Train à la Ciotat
Directors: Auguste and Louis Lumière
Year: 1895

The first public exhibition of motion pictures occurred on 28th December 1895 when August Lumière and Louis Lumière (the Lumière Brothers) exhibited a selection of ten of their single-reel films to a paying audience at a Parisian cafe. 'Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat' is considered to be the first motion picture in modern history (although more an experiment from the Lumière-brothers to use their 'invention' of film, it shows a train arriving at a passenger station). Popular legend has it that, when this film was shown, the first-night audience fled the cafe in terror, fearing being run over by the "approaching" train.

Most of the cast were members of the Lumière family and employees from the Lumière factory.

Category: Film & Animation
License: Standard YouTube License

Animation -

Anyone alive today can still be mesmerized by the best of Loonie Tunes and Merrie Mellodies cartoons. In this entry here below, Mel Blanc reveals some of the magic that helps us plunge willingly into a state of suspended disbelief.

Mel Blanc, The Man of 1000 Voices [1981] - AMAZING TALENT !!

Published on Apr 10, 2012

Mel Blanc did over a 1000 different Voices in over 5000 CARTOONS ! - UNIQUE GENIUS!

Melvin Jerome "Mel" Blanc (May 30, 1908 -- July 10, 1989) was an American voice actor and comedian. Although he began his nearly six-decade-long career performing in radio commercials, Blanc is best remembered for his work with Warner Bros. during the "Golden Age of American animation" as the voice of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Sylvester the Cat, Yosemite Sam, Foghorn Leghorn, Marvin the Martian, Pepé Le Pew, Speedy Gonzales, the Tasmanian Devil, and many of the other characters from the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies theatrical cartoons. He later worked for Hanna-Barbera's television cartoons, most notably as the voice of Barney Rubble in The Flintstones and Mr. Spacely in The Jetsons. Having earned the nickname "The Man of a Thousand Voices," Blanc is regarded as one of the most influential people in the voice-acting industry.

Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

A medical example...

Suspension of Disbelief | Essam Abadir | TEDxBroadway

Published on Apr 22, 2016

With the power of two little words, “What If,” you can experience magic through technology and innovation. Techie and entrepreneur Essam Abadir talks about the “internet of things” (IoT) -- which puts a computer into everything we own, from toys to toilets -- and how his firm Aspire Ventures is using it to change the future of healthcare.

Essam Abadir, CEO of Aspire Ventures, is an inventor, investor, and international expert in technology foundational to the Internet of Things (IoT). His passion lies in applying technology toward basic human needs. A MIT graduate and IP attorney, he founded several of the earliest and fastest-growing technologies and companies in digital advertising, cloud storage, video on demand, music streaming, and mobile app platforms, most recently appMobi, which exited its tools division to Intel in 2013.

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

Here's an example of alternative reality as expressed in animation through puppetry.

Suspension of disbelief through puppetry | Dadi Pudumjee | TEDxIIMIndore

Published on Mar 31, 2015

Dadi Pudumjee, India's leading puppeteer explains the power of objects in depicting emotions that are often difficult to portray by human artists on stage. Besides being a medium of entertainment, puppetry has been a powerful agent in bringing social awareness and change, particularly in a country like India.
Recorded at IIM Indore on 1st March 2015
Organized by the Industry Interaction Cell, IIM Indore

India's leading puppeteer and founder of Ishara Puppet Theatre Trust, Dadi Pudumjee believes in bringing change in people's lives through a collective art-form that is believed to have existed since ancient civilizations. Dadi Pudumjee is currently the president of UNIMA Interational(Union Internationale de la Marionnette - International Puppetry Association - founded in Prague in 1929). In addition to numerous local awards, Dadi Pudumjee's work has been acknowledged with the prestigious Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1992 and the Padmashree presented by the President of India in 2011.

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

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Suspension of Disbelief Quotes:

Courtesy of: http://www.azquotes.com/quotes/topics/suspension-of-disbelief.html?p=2

To believe that what has not occurred in history will not occur at all, is to argue disbelief in the dignity of man.
Mahatma Gandhi

It is not disbelief that is dangerous to our society; it is belief.
George Bernard Shaw

We're getting to the point where we're impinging on democratic institutions in this country and I think, you know, it takes a certain - not a suspension of disbelief - but willingness to go along with other people to get the ship of state going forward. I'm not sure that happens in a [Donald] Trump presidency, frankly.
William Weld

Since the eighteenth century the immense expansion of the worlds wealth has come about as a result of a correspondingly immense expansion of credit, which in turn has demanded increasingly stupendous suspensions of disbelief.
Lewis H. Lapham

It is now life and not art that requires the willing suspension of disbelief.
Lionel Trilling

Every little thing that people know about you as a person impedes your ability to achieve that kind of terrific suspension of disbelief that happens when an audience goes with an actor and character he's playing.
Edward Norton

[Science fiction is] that class of prose narrative treating of a situation that could not arise in the world we know, but which is hypothesised on the basis of some innovation in science or technology, or pseudo-science or pseudo-technology, whether human or extra-terrestrial in origin. It is distinguished from pure fantasy by its need to achieve verisimilitude and win the 'willing suspension of disbelief' through scientific plausibility.
Kingsley Amis

I guess love is the real suspension of disbelief.
Melissa Bank

I prefer to think of faith, as Coleridge says of poetry, not as the taking up of belief but as "the willing suspension of disbelief". . . a willingness to be open, to explore, to investigate.
Sharon Salzberg

There should be a name for this, for the process whereby one knows one is being yanked and concedes it has been done successfully - that one is grateful to have been spun. In the theater, it is called the willing suspension of disbelief. That's what allows the play to make an impact on the audience: they have to be able to make believe that what's happening on the stage is really happening. Maybe to a degree it is a requirement for all political participation, all effective political communication, too.
Peggy Noonan

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Humour:

DISCLAIMER: UFF does not deny nor disrespect the right for religious expression, as long as it is not in service to terrorism and related suppression of human potential, including creative expressions such as humour. The below example of suspended disbelief is but an example of how one individual relates with a fictional heroic character.

Hari Kondabolu- Superman and the Suspension of Disbelief

Uploaded on Jul 13, 2010

Hari Kondabolu discusses having to believe that religion does not exist or have any impact in the Superman movies. Recorded at San Francisco's Punchline Comedy Club on May 18th, 2009.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

100 Most Hilarious Test Answers Ever, Very Funny!

Published on May 20, 2015

Funniest test answers ever! Very honest and accurate too!

Suspended disbelief anyone?

Music: Youtube library
Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

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10 Magical Effects Music Has On the Mind
Courtesy of: http://www.spring.org.uk/2013/09/10-magical-effects-music-has-on-the-mind.php

Effects of music include improving verbal IQ, aiding in heart disease treatment, evoking colours in the mind and even helping you see happy faces all around.

Every fan knows the tremendous effects of music and the power it can have over both thoughts and emotions.

Great music can transform an ordinary day into something magical, even spiritual. It can provide solace, release, strong sensations and more.

But the effects of music spread further still: right up from our genetic code, through our thoughts and bodies and out into how we relate in groups.

1. Improve verbal IQ

Practising the piano won’t just improve your musical abilities, it can also improve your visual and verbal skills.

A study of 8 to 11-year-olds found that, those who had extra-curricular music classes, developed higher verbal IQ, and visual abilities, in comparison to those with no musical training (Forgeard et al., 2008).

This shows the benefits of learning an instrument are not purely musical, but extend into cognition and visual perception.

2. Feeling the chills

Have you ever felt chills down your spine while listening to music? According to a study by Nusbaum and Silvia (2010), over 90% of us have.

How powerful the effects of music, though, depends on your personality. People who are high in one of the five personality dimensions called ‘openness to experience’, are likely to feel the most chills while listening to music.

In the study, people high in openness to experience were more likely to play a musical instrument, and more likely to rate music as important to them.

3. The happiness effects of music

One of the effects of music should be feeling the chills; if not, perhaps you should try a little harder.

A recent study contradicts the old advice that actively trying to feel happier is useless.

In research by Ferguson and Sheldon (2013), participants who listened to upbeat classical compositions by Aaron Copland, while actively trying to feel happier, felt their moods lift more than those who passively listened to the music.

This suggests that engaging with music, rather than allowing it to wash over us, gives the experience extra emotional power.

4. Singing together brings us together

Since music is often a social activity, making it together can help bring us together.

A study of almost one thousand Finnish pupils who took part in extended music classes, found they reported higher satisfaction at school in almost every area, even those not related to the music classes themselves (Eerola & Eerola, 2013)

Explaining the results, the lead researcher Päivi-Sisko Eerola, said:

“Singing in a choir and ensemble performance are popular activities at extended music classes. Other studies have established that people find it very satisfying to synchronize with one another. That increases affiliation within the group and may even make people like each other more than before.”

5. Effects of music on heart disease

Music can help deal with the stress and anxiety associated with having treatment for coronary heart disease.

A review of 23 studies covering almost 1,500 patients found that listening to music reduced heart rate, blood pressure and anxiety in heart disease patients (Bradt & Dileo, 2009).

6. Why sad music lifts you up

‘Mood management’ is the number one reason people love music.

And, all music fans know that music can have a cathartic effect. But, it’s still odd that, for some people, sad music can, under the right circumstances, improve their mood. Why?

According to a study by Kawakami et al. (2013), sad music is enjoyable because it creates an interesting mix of emotions; some negative, some positive.

Crucially, we perceive the negative emotions in the music, but don’t feel them strongly.

7. Seeing happy faces

One of the effects of music is that it can make you feel different, but as little as 15 seconds of music can change the way you judge the emotions on other people’s faces as well.

A study by Logeswaran et al. (2009) found that a quick blast of happy music made participants perceive other’s faces as happier. The same was true for a snatch of sad music. The biggest effect was seen when people looked at faces with a neutral expression.

In other words: people projected the mood of the music they were listening to onto other people’s faces.

8. The colour of music

Music naturally makes people think of certain colours. Across different cultures, people pair particular types of music with particular colours.

In a study by Palmer et al. (2013), people from both Mexico and the US showed remarkable similarities in connecting duller, darker colours with sadder pieces of music and lighter, more vivid colours with happier music.

A follow-up study showed that these music-to-colour associations were seen because of the emotional content of the music.

9. Could music bring back your vision?

In 60% of people who have a stroke, the visual areas of the brain are affected.

This leads to ‘visual neglect’: the patient loses awareness of objects on the opposite side to where the brain has been damaged.

But, studies have found, when patients listen to their favourite music, some of their visual attention is restored (Tsai et al., 2013).

So, the effects of music can be an important tool in rehabilitation for stroke patients.

10. Babies are born to dance!

Infants as young as five-months-old respond rhythmically to music and seem to find it more interesting than speech.

In a study by Zentner and Eerola (2010), the babies spontaneously danced to all different types of music, and those that were most in time also smiled the most.

Maybe the effects of music really are in our genes!

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UFF Food For Thought:

Why and how does music contribute to and enhance suspended disbelief in most if not all movies?

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Thematic Music:

Such an appropriate title!

Circa Survive - Suspending Disbelief

Uploaded on Jan 28, 2008

Circa Survive - Suspending Disbelief

Lyrics:

Twilight army*
Coming home.
Armor made of stone.
He who recollects, forgive us.
He who recollects, forgive us.
On the way down, we understand what it means to break down.
On the way out you decide you believe that on the way out its too late.
It's the same.
All lines you all used to know,
It's the same.
All lines you all used to know.
Trembling with no limbs, crow skin; a perpetual startled breed.
The ache, no one to fight
The writing was still traced and shy and never really aimed to show you.
We understand what it means to break down.
On the way out you decide you believe that on the way out its too late.
All lines you all used to know,
It's the same.
All lines you all used to know.
Still watching you rolling on what's good for
Mistaken but you were always once before you know.
We understand what it means to break down.
And on the way out you decide you believe that on the way out its too late.
It's the same.
All lines you all used to know,
It's the same.
All lines you all used to know.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Music can propel us through the deepest waters until...

Peter Gabriel - Here Comes The Flood

Uploaded on Sep 6, 2006

Peter Gabriel - Here Comes The Flood, from the Growing Up Live tour, Milano 2003

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

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Suspended disbelief can help us escape, transcend our troubles and worries through various aspects of entertainment. It can also be a vehicle through which we accept systemic social/political/economic myths.

How can we best utilize suspended disbelief in service to humanity? Discuss...

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R.E.M. - Losing My Religion (Official Music Video)

Published on Jul 1, 2011

The GRAMMY Award-winning "Losing My Religion" from R.E.M.’s critically-acclaimed, 1991 album, "Out Of Time"

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

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