Citizen Science For One and All * Science Quotes and Humour * Musical Interludes * UFF Disclaimer & Transparency Notes

NOTE: Please see UFF DISCLAIMER and TRANSPARENCY notes at the bottom of this post after you have reviewed materials of interest.

UFF Commentary:

How many people have a background in the sciences yet are not employed in their area of interest and/or competence due to a lack of paid opportunity?

And how many would-be scientists are frustrated, in many cases wasting their best years due to being underemployed in, or worse still, completely out of their field of dreams?

Our current social/political/economic systems have room for only so many paid "professionals". The rest, though technically qualified or competent through self education, must accept the fact that their lottery ticket in life has not turned out to be the winning number they anticipated. And so it goes when living in a competitive environment.

Yet for those who retain a passion for life and the human predicament, options such as becoming a citizen scientist offer an opportunity to contribute to the ongoing accumulation of knowledge and discovery.

Some work from home selecting the best Hubble and other telescope images for NASA and global scientists. Others provide details on migratory bird sightings worldwide by specie. Still others help protect local flora and fauna from invasive plant life and rampant populations of animals such as rats and rabbits (New Zealand in the first case, Australia the latter for example). By doing so, citizen scientists contribute to the ongoing evolution of human endeavor in service to Mother Earth and self actualization.

By the way, rat and rabbit population control issues are being addressd in the interest of protecting and/or bringing back native flora and fauna. In both cases citizens make a contribution that money can't buy (as in there's never enough money to go around).

And on the wonky side, there's a video in the humour section here below that questions paying New Zealand university students with free beer for rat catching, yet the message is clear: From Mother Earth to The Cosmos, more and more citizens are offered the opportunity to make a contribution to the scientific community.

First, let's start with an overview, with Citizen Science defined by Wikipedia -

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Citizen Science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Citizen Science (CS; also known as crowd science, crowd-sourced science, civic science, volunteer monitoring or networked science) is scientific research conducted, in whole or in part, by amateur (or nonprofessional) scientists. Citizen science is sometimes described as "public participation in scientific research", participatory monitoring and participatory action research.

Definition

The term CS has multiple origins, as well as differing concepts. It was first defined independently in the mid-1990s by Rick Bonney in the United States and Alan Irwin in the United Kingdom. Alan Irwin, a British sociologist, defines CS as "developing concepts of scientific citizenship which foregrounds the necessity of opening up science and science policy processes to the public". Irwin sought to reclaim two dimensions of the relationship between citizens and science: 1) that science should be responsive to citizens' concerns and needs; and 2) that citizens themselves could produce reliable scientific knowledge. The American ornithologist Rick Bonney, unaware of Irwin's work, defined CS as projects in which nonscientists, such as amateur birdwatchers, voluntarily contributed scientific data. This describes a more limited role for citizens in scientific research than Irwin's conception of the term.

The terms citizen science and citizen scientists entered the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) in June 2014. "Citizen science" is defined as "scientific work undertaken by members of the general public, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions". "Citizen scientist" is defined as: (a) "a scientist whose work is characterized by a sense of responsibility to serve the best interests of the wider community (now rare)"; or (b) "a member of the general public who engages in scientific work, often in collaboration with or under the direction of professional scientists and scientific institutions; an amateur scientist". The first use of the term "citizen scientist" can be found in the magazine New Scientist in an article about ufology from October 1979.

Muki Haklay cites, from a policy report for the Wilson Center entitled "Citizen Science and Policy: A European Perspective", an alternate first use of the term "citizen science" by R. Kerson in the magazine MIT Technology Review from January 1989. Quoting from the Wilson Center report: "The new form of engagement in science received the name 'citizen science'. The first recorded example of the use of the term is from 1989, describing how 225 volunteers across the US collected rain samples to assist the Audubon Society in an acid-rain awareness raising campaign. The volunteers collected samples, checked for acidity, and reported back to the organization. The information was then used to demonstrate the full extent of the phenomenon."

A "Green Paper on Citizen Science" was published in 2013 by the European Commission's Digital Science Unit and Socientize.eu, which included a definition for CS, referring to "the general public engagement in scientific research activities when citizens actively contribute to science either with their intellectual effort or surrounding knowledge or with their tools and resources. Participants provide experimental data and facilities for researchers, raise new questions and co-create a new scientific culture. While adding value, volunteers acquire new learning and skills, and deeper understanding of the scientific work in an appealing way. As a result of this open, networked and trans-disciplinary scenario, science-society-policy interactions are improved, leading to a more democratic research, based on evidence-informed decision making."

Citizen science may be performed by individuals, teams, or networks of volunteers. Citizen scientists often partner with professional scientists to achieve common goals. Large volunteer networks often allow scientists to accomplish tasks that would be too expensive or time consuming to accomplish through other means.

Many citizen-science projects serve education and outreach goals. These projects may be designed for a formal classroom environment or an informal education environment such as museums.

Citizen science has evolved over the past four decades. Recent projects place more emphasis on scientifically sound practices and measurable goals for public education. Modern citizen science differs from its historical forms primarily in the access for, and subsequent scale of, public participation; technology is credited as one of the main drivers of the recent explosion of citizen science activity.

In March 2015, the Office of Science and Technology Policy published a factsheet entitled "Empowering Students and Others through Citizen Science and Crowdsourcing". It states: "Citizen science and crowdsourcing projects are powerful tools for providing students with skills needed to excel in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). Volunteers in citizen science, for example, gain hands-on experience doing real science, and in many cases take that learning outside of the traditional classroom setting. As part of the 5th White House Science Fair, the Obama Administration and a broader community of companies, non-profits, and others are announcing new steps to increase the ability of more students and members of the public to participate in the scientific process through citizen science and crowdsourcing projects." Among the "New Steps Being Announced by the Administration" there is a section on the "Installation of a Rain Gauge in the White House Garden".

In May 2016, a new open-access journal was started by the Citizen Science Association along with Ubiquity Press called Citizen Science: Theory and Practice (CS:T&P). The editorial article "The Theory and Practice of Citizen Science: Launching a New Journal" states: "CS:T&P provides the space to enhance the quality and impact of citizen science efforts by deeply exploring the citizen science concept in all its forms and across disciplines. By examining, critiquing, and sharing findings across a variety of citizen science endeavors, we can dig into the underpinnings and assumptions of citizen science and critically analyze its practice and outcomes. Such explorations can examine methods, approaches, benefits, costs, impacts, and challenges of citizen science and will help us better understand the role that citizen science can play in environmental science, public health, physics, biochemistry, community development, social justice, democracy, and beyond." The first edition has 5 research articles, 2 essays and 1 case study.

See Wikipedia site for reference materials and further info...

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Is there a budding, youthful scientist in your home or community? Whoever YOU are, please consider the following and recommend to others as need be.

SciStarter in the Classroom
Courtesy of: https://scistarter.com/educators

Should any of the below projects be of interest, please visit the SciStarter site for direct links and access to additional resources.

One of the most important aspects of the SciStarter mission is to make it simple, accessible, and fun for people of all ages to jump in and get involved in real world science. A burgeoning initiative by SciStarter is to serve as a resource for learners and educators in both formal and informal learning environments.

We’ve been working to add lesson plan resources to featured projects. We're happy that our partnership with the National Science Teachers' Association (NSTA) allows us to connect projects to a robust community of educators. Starting with the September 2016 issue of NSTA’s Science Scope Journal, each Science Scope issue includes a SciStarter feature on Citizen Science in the Classroom. In addition, the NSTA Press publication, Citizen Science: 15 Lessons That Bring Biology to Life, grades 6-12 serves as a resource for educators interested in implementing citizen science in the classroom. The book presents citizen science lessons in the 5E instructional model format (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate).

When we engage in hands-on, authentic real world science, we make observations, begin to formulate questions, experiment, and ultimately construct deeper understanding about the natural world. Sometimes, it opens our eyes to how little we actually know about the world. The merits of engaging in citizen science abound, benefiting both participants and researchers.

As an educator interested in integrating citizen science into your curriculum the SciStarter Project Finder is the perfect place to start - there are hundreds of projects suitable for students and many include teaching materials. Spend some time exploring projects with this tool and you’ll discover projects to integrate into your curriculum and implement in your classroom!

Elementary School

Lost Ladybug Project - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Help scientists find and photograph ladybugs so they can try to prevent more native species from becoming so rare.

Big Butterfly Count

Help scientists learn more about butterflies and the environment by submitting butterfly count from 15 minutes of observation. Counting butterflies for just fifteen minutes could help scientists better understand the environment. The Big Butterfly Count is a recently started national survey that hopes to engage citizen scientists by creating easy and engaging survey methods. This is an easy, fun, and meaningful way to engage in science. Print out an identification poster, get outside, and start counting!

Bumble Bee Tracker

Help track population changes of five bee species. Take and submit photos of bees near you. This project requires a camera, the ability to send an e-mail with a photo attachment and patience. A GPS unit (or equivalent) would also be helpful.

Dragonfly Migration

Help learn more about dragonfly migration in North America. Report movements of 5 main migratory species. Become part of an international network of citizen scientists and help monitor the spring and fall movements of the 5 main migratory species in North America, or report on these species throughout the year at a pond or wetland of your choice.

Spider Survey

Help scientists learn how urbanization affects spiders. Spot, record, and share sightings of spiders in Los Angeles. The project asks people to collect spiders in their homes and gardens, fill out a sample data sheet, and send or bring the spiders and forms to the National History Museum.

School of Ants

Help researchers learn about native and introduced species of ants by collecting samples and mailing them in! Teachers, students, parents, kids, junior-scientists, senior citizens and enthusiasts of all stripes are involved in collecting ants in schoolyards and backyards using a standardized protocol so that project coordinators can make detailed maps of the wildlife that lives just outside their doorsteps.

Middle School

CoCoRaHS - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Provide weather data to meteorologists! Measure rain, hail, and snow. Each time a rain, hail, or snow storm occurs, students can help take measurements of precipitation from around them and submit the data online. Reports of 'zero' precipitation are encouraged too!

Cell Slider

Accelerate cancer research to help find cures by classifying images of cancer cells. After a 10-minute tutorial, you can view images of cancer cells in an image carousel. Each image you will see is a tiny tumour sample from a huge dataset. Help scientists accelerate the analysis of this data by identifying the coloured sections of the image using our prompts, and bring forward the cures for cancers.

Encyclopedia of Life

The Encyclopedia of Life is an online, collaborative project where you can learn about any species on Earth, as well as contribute information and submit photos. This global initiative seeks to create an "infinitely expandable" resource for all of our planet’s 1.9 million known species. Use as a resource in the classroom or for homework assignments.

Project Budburst

Help scientists understand changing climates in your area. Make regular observations of your plants and submit data. Whether you have an afternoon, a few weeks, a season, or a whole year, you can make an important contribution to a better understanding of changing climates. Participating in Project BudBurst, a NEON citizen science program, is easy – everything needed to participate is on the web site. Choose a plant to monitor and share your observations with others online. Not sure where to start? Take a look at the Ten Most Wanted species.

Tomatosphere

Help scientists study long-term space travel by monitoring the growth of tomato seeds exposed to space conditions. Tomatosphere aims to inspire students by engaging them in real and meaningful science. Students are charged to monitor and record the germination rate for pre-treated tomato seeds in order to give researchers a better understanding of the long-term viability of growing tomatoes in space.

World Water Monitoring Day

Create world map of the health of water bodies. World Water Monitoring Day is an international program that encourages citizen volunteers to monitor their local water bodies. An easy-to-use test kit enables everyone from children to adults to sample local water bodies for basic water quality parameters: temperature, acidity (pH), clarity (turbidity), and dissolved oxygen.

High School

Project Noah - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Help scientists with ongoing research. Document nature with your mobile phone. Noah is a mobile phone app that students can use to document local wildlife and add their observations to a growing database for use by ongoing citizen-science projects.

Quake Catcher Network - Common Core & NextGen standards met

This project uses internet and sensors (subsidized or free for K-12 classrooms) to connect schools and other entities to an earthquake monitoring network. The idea of this project is to create earthquake and seismology awareness, as well as recording data though a “distributed computing network.” This means that your classroom’s computer will be linked to a network of other computers relaying information back to the central hub monitoring for earthquakes.

Be A Martian - Common Core & NextGen standards met

Help scientist improve maps of Mars and participate in other research tasks to help NASA manage the large amount of data from the Red Planet. Users create Martian profiles and become "citizens" of the planet. In the map room, citizens can then earn Martian credits by helping place satellite photos on Mars’s surface, counting craters, and even helping the rovers Spirit and Opportunity by tagging photos with descriptions.

Laughter Project

Help scientists understand how we perceive sounds. Listen to recordings of laughter. Decide if they're real or not. The results will help scientists from University College London to understand the way we perceive and react to different sounds. The experiment should take about 10 minutes.

Loss of the Night

Help scientists measure, understand effects of light pollution. Use a free app to identify as many visible stars as possible. The more stars you observe, and the more often you run the app, the more precise the data for your location will become. As the seasons change so do the stars in the sky, and since there aren't so many very bright stars it is extremely helpful if urban users do measurements in each season.

Old Weather

Help scientists create accurate climate models by transcribing 19th-century weather logs from U.S. ships. Could be used in conjuction with a history lesson! These transcriptions will contribute to climate model projections and will improve our knowledge of past environmental conditions. Historians will use your work to track past ship movements and tell the stories of the people on board.

Panamath

Test your own number sense and assess humans' math knowledge. Panamath is a free-standing software that can be used to assess number sense - your intuitive recognition of numbers and their relationship. Use Panamath to test your own number sense, read more about the research being done or download the software and adapt it for your own research or educational purposes.

College

NanoDoc

NanoDoc is an online game that allows bioengineers and the general public to design new nanoparticle strategies towards the treatment of cancer. You’ll learn about nanomedicine and explore how nanovehicles can cooperate with each other and their environment to kill tumors.

Folding@Home

Understand how proteins can fold incorrectly to cause disease. Install software on your computer that will perform calculations while your computer is idle. Help Stanford University scientists studying Alzheimer's, Huntington's, Parkinson's, and many cancers by simply running a piece of software on your computer.

Games With Words

This project is a unique blend of linguistics and psychology.Help scientists train computers to understand language by playing a variety of games that ask you about the meaning of words. Rather than try to work out the definition of a word all at once, we have broken the problem into a series of separate tasks. Each task has a fanciful backstory, but at its heart, each task is asking about a specific component of meaning that scientists suspect makes up one of the building blocks of meaning. You can participate for as little as a few minutes or come back to the site over and over to help code the many thousands of words in English.

National Map Corps

The US Geological Survey (USGS) is recruiting volunteers to collect and update USGS geographic data. Similar to how other online crowdsourcing cartographic applications allow anyone to collect, edit, and use geographic data through an online map editor, the USGS has developed an online editor customized to our data needs that allows volunteers to contribute data to The National Map.

Radio JOVE

NASA's Radio JOVE project enables students and amateur scientists to observe natural radio emissions from Jupiter, the Sun, and our galaxy. Participants learn about radio astronomy first-hand by building their own radio telescope from an inexpensive kit and/or using remote radio telescopes through the Internet. They also collaborate with each other through interactions and sharing of data on the network.

Don’t see what you’re looking for?

Additional resources on the SciStarter website include:

Back to School Citizen Science Newsletters: 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
Citizen Science in the Classroom Series
A guide to Finding the first citizen science project for your classroom
SciStarter GLOBE Learning Center

Additional Educator Links for Citizen Science Exploration:

Citizen Science Toolkit for Educators from the California Academy of Sciences
CitizenScience: 15 Lessons That Bring Biology to Life, grades 6-12 from NSTA
Cornell Lab of Ornithology BirdSleuth Citizen Science for Educators
Education Working Group, Citizen Science Association
GLOBE (Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment)
NOVA Labs
Project Budburst Educator Resources
Students Discover and Your Wild Life
The Crowd & The Cloud a 4 part citizen science public television series coming in 2017
ZooTeach from the Zooniverse

If you have any questions or suggestions, e-mail SciStarter at info@scistarter.com.

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Here are more examples in video format...

The Awesome Power of Citizen Science

Published on Apr 20, 2016

You don't have to be a professional scientist to make a contribution to our collective knowledge. Today, we look at several projects that have benefitted from the power of citizen science!

Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

Tracking Backyard Birds

LabofOrnithology
Published on Dec 8, 2011

The same technology used to locate lost pets is now being used to track common backyard birds. Scientists and students at the Cornell Lab have collected data on hundreds of thousands of feeder visits so far by Black-capped Chickadees and other birds. Tiny tags weighing less than one-tenth of a gram are attached to the birds' legs and are detected each time the birds visit specially-rigged feeders. Watch this in which David Bonter describes the radio frequency identification (RFID) technique and what we can learn by keeping track of who's coming to dinner.

Learn more about tracking feeder birds with RFID at http://goo.gl/xpOlf
Learn more about project feeder watch at: http://www.birds.cornell.edu/pfw/
and http://goo.gl/xpOlf

Category: Science & Technology
License: Standard YouTube License

Citizen Scientists Are Finding "Yellow Balls" in Space Images | Video

CoconutScienceLab
Published on Apr 8, 2015

More space news and info at: http://www.coconutsciencelab.com - amateur astronomers have been finding "yellow balls" in space that may hold important clues to the mysteries of star-birth.

Category: Science & Technology
License: Standard YouTube License

How To Discover a New Planet From Home - Truthloader Investigates

Truthloader
Published on Jan 11, 2013

A new website is helping researchers discover new planets, and potentially even a cure for cancer, using an army of 750,000 'citizen scientists'. Zooniverse allows people with no training or expertise to log on and help change the world.

Truthloader is a channel dedicated to citizen journalism. We find the best examples of crowd-sourced video and independent content, then use our expertise to add context and analysis. We respond to the stories you're interested in, so if you've got a story you'd love us to get to the bottom of, tweet us, Facebook us, or respond to our videos with a comment - and perhaps check out our reddit.

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

Water on Ganymede, and NASA Needs Your Help!

SciShow Space
Published on Mar 19, 2015

Which is a bigger deal to you? The discovery that there’s probably more water on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede than all the oceans on Earth? Or the fact that you can now help NASA find asteroids? Learn about both, then decide for yourself!

http://www.topcoder.com/asteroids/ast...

Annotations:
Asteroids to Watch Out For:https://youtu.be/GKF3huDtM64
Space Mining: https://youtu.be/GKF3huDtM64
The Solar Eclipse of 2015!: https://youtu.be/9YVMEuoXWWQ
An Impossible Black Hole, and Finally Meeting Ceres: https://youtu.be/rzAEeROl3rw

Sources:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10...
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2015/march/...
http://www.scientificamerican.com/art...
http://spaceflightnow.com/2015/03/13/...
http://earthsky.org/space/underground...
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/march/...
http://www.nasa.gov/press/2015/march/...

Category: Education
License: Standard YouTube License

Can Citizen Science Save Us? | Mary Ellen Hannibal | TEDxStanford

Published on May 12, 2017

After three world-class scientists broke down and wept as they told science writer Hannibal about the alarming findings of their research on extinction, she knew she had to do something. Now the citizen scientist and Stanford Media Scholar is showing us how each of us can contribute to saving endangered plants and animals, one iPhone app and observation at a time.

Mary Ellen Hannibal is a long-time journalist focused on natural history and literature. Her most recent book, Citizen Scientist: Searching for Heroes and Hope in an Age of Extinction, was named one of 2016’s best non-fiction books by the San Francisco Chronicle. She is a recipient of the National Association of Science Writer’s Science and Society Award, among other honors, and is currently a Stanford media fellow.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx

Category: Nonprofits & Activism
License: Standard YouTube License

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Science Quotes:
Courtesy of: http://www.quotegarden.com/science.html

Tell me and I forget
Teach me and I remember
Involve me and I learn.
Benjamin Franklin

The scientific spirit is of more value than its products.
Thomas Huxley

Science is Nature's interpreter.
James Lendall Basford (1845–1915), Seven Seventy Seven Sensations, 1897

No one should approach the temple of science with the soul of a money changer.
Thomas Browne, attributed

Nature composes some of her loveliest poems for the microscope and the telescope.
Theodore Roszak, Where the Wasteland Ends, 1972

A fact is a simple statement that everyone believes. It is innocent, unless found guilty. A hypothesis is a novel suggestion that no one wants to believe. It is guilty, until found effective.
Edward Teller

Science does not know its debt to imagination.
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Louise: "How did you get here?"
Johnny: "Well, basically, there was this little dot, right? And the dot went bang and the bang expanded. Energy formed into matter, matter cooled, matter lived, the amoeba to fish, to fish to fowl, to fowl to frog, to frog to mammal, the mammal to monkey, to monkey to man, amo amas amat, quid pro quo, memento mori, ad infinitum, sprinkle on a little bit of grated cheese and leave under the grill till Doomsday."
From the movie Naked, written by Mike Leigh

To know the history of science is to recognize the mortality of any claim to universal truth.
Evelyn Fox Keller, Reflections on Gender and Science, 1995

If we wish to make a new world we have the material ready. The first one, too, was made out of chaos.
Robert Quillen

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Science Related Humour:

Let start with an example of Citizen Science with a questionable motivational component!

New Zealand Campaign Offers Students Free Beer for Dead Rats

nollyvines
Published on May 30, 2014
Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

Health Science Is Bullsh*t

CollegeHumor
Published on Sep 9, 2017

Make up your mind, health nuts! Next, you'll say cigarettes are bad for me!

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Big Train - Scientists Humour

sammalh4be
Published on Oct 5, 2008

Colleagues make a little joke on co-worker.

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

Science Fiction Galore - Best Of Just For Laughs Gags

Just For Laughs Gags
Published on Nov 18, 2012

The truth is out there! These pranks are out of this world! All the sci-fi you can shake a stick at, and then some. Beam me up because these might just be the droids you're looking for!
This video will self-destruct in 10, 9, 8, 7, 6...

Category: Comedy
License: Standard YouTube License

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The following two entries are courtesy of: http://www.jupiterscientific.org/sciinfo/jokes/miscellaneousjokes.html

David Letterman's Top Ten Reasons Why Network News Producers Do Not Give Science More Air time:

Number Ten: They are unable to locate file footage of the Big Bang.
Number Nine: They think that high-temperature superconductors are too hot to handle.
Number Eight: El Niño is covered by the weather department.
Number Seven: They already did the O.J. DNA story.
Number Six: They are unable to find information about semiconductors in the music section of the library.
Number Five: They are afraid of reporting on dark matter because they think it is contagious.
Number Four: They are waiting for cold fusion.
Number Three: They think that the greatest scientific achievement is Tang.
Number Two: They wouldn't know the superconducting supercollider from a hole in the ground.
And the number one reason why network news producers do not give science more air time: Scientists are from Mars . . . Journalists from Venus.

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Question: What is "IT"?

Astronomers do IT all night.
Chemists do IT by bonding.
Newton did IT with force.
Eighteenth century physicists did IT with rigid bodies.
Maxwell did IT with magnetism.
Volta did IT with a jolt.
Watt did IT with power.
Joule did IT with energy.
Ohm did IT with resistance.
Pascal did IT under pressure.
Hooke did IT using springs.
Coulomb got all charged up about IT.
Hertz did IT frequently.
Boltzmann did IT in heat.
Ampere let IT flow.
For Franklin, IT was an electrifying experience.
Edison claims to have invented IT.
When Richter did IT, the Earth shook.
For Darwin, IT was natural.
Freud did IT in his sleep.
Mendel studied the consequences of IT.
When Wegener did IT, continents moved.
Classical physicists do IT in perfectly uniform harmonic motion.
Heisenberg was never sure whether he even did IT.
Bohr did IT in an excited state.
Pauli did IT but excluded his friends.
Schrödinger did IT in waves.
Bose did IT with partners.
Einstein did IT on a curved surface.
Oort did IT in a cloud.
Hubble did IT in the dark.
Watson and Crick got all wound up about IT.
Cosmologists do IT in a big bang.
Theorists do IT on paper.
Wigner did IT in a group.
Richter and Ting did IT with charm.
Astrophysicists do IT with young starlets.
Planetary scientists do IT with Uranus.
Electron microscopists do IT 100,000 times.
Feynman did IT in fields.
Hawking wrote a brief history of IT.
And supersymmetric theorists do IT with sleptons.

Answer: IT = science, of course.

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Musical Interludes:

The Grapes Of Wrath - I Am Here

Published on Oct 15, 2012

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Kellylee Evans - Hands Up (live sur Europe 1)

Published on Nov 5, 2015

Kellylee Evans était l'invitée de Nikos Alias dans Sortiez du Cadre à l'occasion de la sortie de son nouvel album Come on, le 13 novembre. Elle sera au Café de la Danse de Paris le 8 décembre.

Category: News & Politics
License: Standard YouTube License

01 Julian Taylor Band - Just a Little Bit

From the album "Desert Star"

Copyright 2016, Aporia Records

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License

Sesame Street: Believe in Yourself Song (Michael Bublé & Elmo)

Sesame Street
Published on Dec 9, 2014

You can be what you want to be and do what you want to do if you would just listen to Michael Bublé and believe in yourself. Some folks try to tell you you're not strong enough or smart enough and there are things you shouldn't do, but those people are quite often wrong!

Category: Entertainment
License: Standard YouTube License

Into the Mystic | Van Morrison | Lyrics

Megan Smith

Published on Sep 11, 2015

Released | February 28th, 1970

Disclaimer | This video is for entertainment purposes only and no copyright infringement is intended.

Category: Music
License: Standard YouTube License